DMPQ: What is deficiency disease? Tabulate the vitamin deficiency disease. (Science)

A deficiency disease is caused due to the deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals. The deficiency of vitamin lead to the vitamin deficiency disease.

Vitamin/MineralDeficiency diseaseSymptoms
Vitamin ALoss of visionPoor vision, loss of vision in darkness
Vitamin B1Beri beriWeak musles and very little energy to work
Vitamin CScurvyBleeding gums, wounds take longer time to heal
Vitamin DRicketsBones become soft and bent
CalciumBone and tooth decayWeak bones, tooth decay
IodineGoitreGlands in the neck appear swollen, mental disability in children
IronAnaemiaWeakness

 

Deficiency of protein causesstunted growth, swelling offace, discolouration of hair,skin diseases and diarrhoea. If food is deficient in bothcarbohydrates and proteins,the growth may stopcompletely; a personbecomes very lean, thin andso weak that he/she may noteven be able to move.

 

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