DMPQ: What are the constitutional safeguards there for SC and ST. 

Social safeguards:


  • Art 17- abolition of untouchability
  • Art 23- Traffic in human beings and beggar
  • Art 24- prevent child labour. A substantial portion of child labor comes from SC and ST
  • Art 25(2)(b)- Hindu religious institution shall be open to all section without any discrimination.

Economic safeguards

  • Art 23
  • Art 24
  • Art 46 – The state shall promote with special care the educational and economic interests of the weaker sections of the people, and in particular, of the Scheduled Castes and the scheduled Tribes,

Educational safeguard:

  • Art 15(4) – reservation of seats

Political safeguard:

  • Art 243D – in Panchayats seats reserved
  • Art 243 T- Municipality reservation
  • Art 332- seats reserved in Legislative assembly

Service safeguards

  • Art 16(4)- reservation in jobs
  • Art 16(4A)- promotions in jobs


Human rights safeguard:

  • National commission for SC- 338
  • National commission for ST- 338A
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