DMPQ-Discuss the various rights given to people under Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA).

The act recognizes and vests the forest rights and occupation in forest land in Forest Dwelling Scheduled Tribes (FDST) and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (OTFD)who have been residing in such forests for generations. This act comes under the aegis of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

The act also establishes the responsibilities and authority for sustainable use, conservation of biodiversity, and maintenance of the ecological balance of FDST and OTFD.

The act identifies four types of rights:

Title rights 

It gives FDST and OTFD the right to ownership of land farmed by tribals or forest dwellers subject to a maximum of 4 hectares.  Ownership is only for land that is being cultivated by the concerned family and no new lands will be granted.

Use rights 

The rights of the dwellers extend to extracting Minor Forest Produce, grazing areas, pastoralist routes, etc.

Relief and development rights

To rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement and basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection.

Forest management rights 

It includes the right to protect, regenerate or conserve or manage any community forest resource which they have been traditionally protecting and conserving for sustainable use.

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