Jharkhand since its inception has put a thrust on rural development. Jharkhand is not fortunate enough to have high concentration of village near urban agglomeration. Hence growth in urban does not translocate to village Pockets. Jharkhand has 37000 village out of which only 1% has population more than 5000.
To achieve rural prosperity, a new initiative has been taken by government of India with the aid of world bank called Jharkhand opportunities for harnessing growth. i.e. JOHAR. The objective of JOHAR do not limit to creating livelihood but will make rural populace self- dependent in creating livelihood for themselves using comparative advantage of local rural resources. (JOHAR) project aims at creating a transformative change in the incomes of rural producers by bringing a systematic approach to diversification, high-productivity production systems, increased linkage to higher-order markets and rural entrepreneurship.
JOHAR project has 3 basic component:
- Component 1: diversified and resilient production. This will involve supports for producer collectives and for intensification and diversification across the sub sectors of livestock, fisheries etc.
- Component 2: promoting market access, skill development and pro poor finance. It will involve private sector participation.
- Component 3- Project and knowledge management.
The primary project beneficiaries, and key stakeholders, include women and men farmers (small and marginal), livestock rearers, fishers and tribal communities dependent on forest produce. Participation of women, scheduled caste and scheduled tribe households among the project beneficiaries is a key results indicator of JOHAR