Since the charter act 1813, different steps had been taken to spread education among masses. But different problems and controversies had been raised. So they required a new education policy and a committee was appointed for look this matter. In 1854 Sir Wood then president of the Board of Control of Government of India, gave his official report, popularly known as Wood’s Despatch. The chief provisions of the Despatch were:
- Emphasised on teaching of western education with English as medium of instruction. Also he encouraged the oriental education.
- Proposed to setting up of vernacular primary school in village and emphasised on vocational educational. It stressed on women education, teacher training, education for minority etc.
- Universities on the modal of London University were proposed for Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras.
- A separate department of public instruction was created in each of five provinces.
- A system of grant in aid to be set up. 6. Teachers training institution were recommended.
- Female education and Muslim education were encouraged.
Wood despatch can be regarded as the foundation of our present system of education. The despatch was a comprehensive document which recommend for an organised system of education India. The Despatch clearly accepted that the responsibility education in India lies in British Government. Almost all the proposals in the document were implemented. The provisions of Wood despatch helped to rapid westernization of the educational system in India. 8 Because Charles Wood believed in the superiority of English race. The Despatch completed neglected the mother tongue as a medium of instruction and also primary education was neglected.JPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for JPSC Prelims and JPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by JPSC Notes are as follows:-
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