- A life of righteousness for a Hindu is possible through the fourfold scheme of practical endeavour. It comprises the concepts of dharma, artha, kama and moksha
- Dharma is honest and upright conduct or righteous action.
- Artha means a righteous and honest pursuit of economic activities.
- Kama is the fulfillment of one’s normal desires.
- Moksha is liberation, that is absorption of the self into eternal bliss.
- Related to these four concepts are the concepts of karma and samsara. Depending upon one’s deeds (karma) one is able to reach the stage of moksha or liberation.
- The stage of moksha or liberation is a term for describing the end of the cycle of birth and rebirth.
- The cycle of birth and rebirth is known as samsara. The Hindus believe that each human being has a soul and that this soul is immortal.
- It does not perish at the time of death. The process of birth and rebirth goes on until moksha is attained.
- This cycle of transmigration is also known as samsara, which is the arena where the cycle of birth and rebirth operates.
- One’s birth and rebirth in a particular state of existence is believed by the Hindus to be dependent on the quality of one’s deeds (karma).
- For a Hindu, the issue of liberation is of paramount significance.
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