DMPQ-. Discuss the major provisions of Pesticides management bill 2020.

. The Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 was introduced in Rajya Sabha by the Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Mr. Narendra Singh Tomar, on March 23, 2020.  It seeks to regulate the manufacture, import, sale, storage, distribution, use, and disposal of pesticides, in order to ensure the availability of safe pesticides and minimise the risk to humans, animals, and environment.  The Bill seeks to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

The Bill defines a pest as any species of animal, plant, or pathogenic agent that is unwanted, or injurious to plants, humans, animals, and the environment.  A pesticide is any substance of chemical or biological origin intended for preventing or destroying any pest in agriculture, industry, public health, pest control operations, or for ordinary use.

The central government will constitute the Central Pesticides Board to advise the central and state governments on scientific and technical matters arising under the Act.  It will also advise the central government in formulating standards and best practices for: (i) pesticide manufacturers, laboratories, and pest control operators, (ii) working conditions and training of workers, and (iii) recall and disposal of pesticides.  The Board will also frame model protocols to deal with poisoning cases due to pesticides.

Persons seeking to import or manufacture a pesticide for ordinary use, agriculture, industry, pest control, or public health, are required to obtain a certificate of registration for the pesticide from the Registration Committee.  The Committee will be constituted by the central government, and will: (i) specify the conditions for granting a certificate and issue certificates, (ii) periodically review the safety and efficacy of registered pesticides, and amend or cancel their certificates, and (iii) notify substances which cause the same chemical or biological action as a pesticide.

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