While presenting the Union budget for the FY 2021-22, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced that Operation Green (OG) will be expanded beyond tomatoes, onions, and potatoes (TOP) to 22 perishable commodities.
There were three basic objectives when Operation Green was launched. First, that it should contain the wide price volatility in the three largest vegetables of India. Second, it should build efficient value chains of these from fresh to value-added products with a view to give a larger share of the consumers’ rupee to the farmers. And third, it should reduce the post-harvest losses by building modern warehouses and cold storages wherever needed.
Objectives of Operation Green
Containing Price Volatility
It should contain the wide price volatility in the three largest vegetables of India (TOP) ? Tomatoes-onions-potatoes (TOP) are the three basic vegetables that face extreme price volatility and the government often finds itself on the edge in fulfilling its dual objectives of ensuring remunerative prices for farmers and affordable prices for consumers. For price stabilization, NAFED has to intervene in the market wherever prices crashed due to a glut, to procure some excess arrivals from the surplus regions to store them near major consuming centers.
Building Efficient Value Chains
It envisages building efficient value chains of these from fresh to valueadded products with a view to give a larger share of the consumers’ rupee to the farmers.
Reducing the Post-Harvest Losses
It should reduce the post-harvest losses by building modern warehouses, cold storage wherever needed, and food processing clusters.
Issues in Operation Green Replicating Operation Flood
Each commodity under OG has its own specificity, production and consumption cycle, unlike the homogeneity of milk as a single commodity.
There are so many varieties of TOP vegetables, grown in different climatic conditions and in different seasons, making marketing intervention (processing and storage) all the more complex.JPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for JPSC Prelims and JPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by JPSC Notes are as follows:-
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