DMPQ: Discuss the factors associated with tea cultivation.

Tea is an evergreen plant that mainly grows in tropical and subtropical climates. It is thought to have originated in East Asia somewhere between China and Burma. The geographical factors required for Tea cultivation are: Tea grows in a moderately hot and humid climate . Moring fog and low temperature is necessary for the growth … Read more

DMPQ: What is El Nino and southern oscillation and How it affects the Indian Monsoon?

El-nino is the classical phenomenon where warming of Pacific ocean takes place near the western coast of Peru and Equador. It occurs at every 3-4 years. It weakens the trade winds and changes in southern oscillation , thereby affects the rainfall pattern across the world. Southern oscillation: Southern oscillation is the alternating of sea level … Read more

DMPQ: what do you understand by the term demographic dividend? This dividend is fast becoming liability. Discuss?

Demographic dividend means that as compared to other large developing and developed countries, India Has a higher proportion of working age population as compared to entire population. More than 50% of India’s population is in the age group of 15-59 years. With such a young population. It has a huge demographic dividend waiting to be … Read more

DMPQ: What are the reasons for high fertility rate in India?

India is the second populous country after china. India has 17.74% of the total world population. The main reason for the high population growth is the high fertility rate which is presently 2.5. It means an Indian women in her reproductive span produces 2.5 offspring on an average. The reasons for high fertility rate are … Read more

DMPQ: Compare Temperate cyclone and tropical cyclone.

  Factors Temperate Tropical Latitude 300- 600 50- 300 Originating element Frontogenesis Temperature and Coriolis force Cloud Wide range of clouds associated Generally Clumonimbus Rainfall and life Rainfall is slow. It remain in life for many days. Rain is heavy but does not last beyond few hrs. Isobars Complete circle with steep gradient V shaped … Read more

DMPQ: Effect of climate change on Himalayan Glaciers and effect on human settlement.

According to the IPCC report by 2010 45% of Himalaya  will be shrinked. The rate of shrinkage is 0.5% annually. There are various reason for Himalayan shrinkage which are discussed below: Weak monsoon affecting snow accumulation Because of global warming, rise in temperature In the eastern and central Himalayan, it shows mainly during monsoon season … Read more

DMPQ: Effect of climate change on Himalayan Glaciers and effect on human settlement. 

According to the IPCC report by 2010 45% of Himalaya  will be shrinked. The rate of shrinkage is 0.5% annually. There are various reason for Himalayan shrinkage which are discussed below: Weak monsoon affecting snow accumulation Because of global warming, rise in temperature In the eastern and central Himalayan, it shows mainly during monsoon season … Read more

DMPQ: Montreal protocol has been one of the rarest treaty that achieve success. What is Montreal protocol all about?

  Montreal protocol  is a treaty signed in 1987 to ban ozone depletion substance like CFC’s and HCFC which were used in refrigerators and Air conditioner. India is also one of the signatories of Montreal protocol. The Montreal Protocol has proven to be innovative and successful, and is the first treaty to achieve universal ratification … Read more

DMPQ: What are ocean currents? What are the factors responsible for ocean currents.

Ocean current are nothing but movement of volume of water in defined direction and    with an identifiable speed. These current regulate the temperature and salinity of ocean currents and also get regulated by them. Factors responsible for ocean currents: Earth rotation from west to east . It leads to North equatorial current and south equatorial … Read more

DMPQ: Sagarmala is an ambitious project. What is sagarmala? What are the challenges in implementation? Discuss the prospect of the project.

Sagarmala is a series of projects to leverage the country’s coastline and inland waterways to drive port led development. It is a mammoth project with a total outlay of 8 lakh crore spread across four broad areas. Modernisation of port infrastructure Improve port connectivity Development of coastal community Create coastal economic zones   Challenges: It … Read more

DMPQ: Sugar mills are facing some serious problems in the recent past. List down the       reason for problems attached with sugar mills. Why  performance of mills in peninsular India is better than that of north India?

Obsolete machinery Low productivity/ hectare Low crushing season Policies issues: Highly political sensitive commodity Delinking of sugarcane and sugar prices State advisory prices are very high Restriction on the use of bagasse and molasses. Energy generation cannot be sell out to others. Low per capita consumption of sugars. High input cost involved in sugarcane crop. … Read more

DMPQ: Textile industry is one of the labor intensive industry. List down the challenges faced by textile industry and govt. initiative to address them.

Textile industry is the second largest provider of emoloyment after agriculture. India is the second largest producer of textiles after China. It contributes 14% of industrial production, 4% of GDP and 13% of export earning. But there are some chronic problems associated with textile industry. It is largely an unorganised sector. Its highly fragmented nature … Read more

DMPQ: What is groundwater contamination? What are the cause of ground water contamination?

Groundwater contamination is the adulteration of water because of the increase in the concentration of certain pollutants. The major pollutants contributing to contamination are Arsenic, fluoride, Iron, uranium , nitrate etc. Causes of groundwater contamination are: Natural: Groundwater naturally contains high amount of pollutant due to geological formation. For example occurrence of fluoride is related … Read more

DMPQ: Discuss the problems associated with coal mining in India.

Coal is an important raw material for heavy industries. Its abundance ensures a rapid industrial growth.  But coal mining has its own cost and it has negative externalities. Major problem with coal mining is threat to environment. Open cast mining results in air pollution because of coal dust and coal transportation leading to suspended particulate … Read more

DMPQ: What do you understand by the term soil erosion and soil degradation? what are the causes of soil erosion? List down the solution to curb soil erosion. 

Soil erosion : It is the process by which top layer of soil gets removed thus affecting the productivity by altering the structure of the soil. It is a natural process but human intervention has accentuated the rate of depletion of soil wealth. Soil Degradation:  It is a process through which qualitative degradation of soil … Read more

Discuss the challenges of Indian Agriculture and present an outlook.

Indian economy still is agro based economy and Indian society still remains agrarian society. Contribution of agriculture in GDP has declined but its importance and significance has not declined. But some fundamental challenges are faced by Indian agriculture. Indian agriculture still remains the gamble of Indian Monsoon. Only 48% of the land has assured irrigation. … Read more

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