DMPQ-. Discuss the challenges faced by Indian Federalism in current India.

. Federalism believes in shared sovereignty and territoriality between multiple constituent units of governance. In India, Federalism is a device to accommodate India’s multiple linguistic, religious, and ethnic identities. Presently, in different parts of the world, the federal system of government is facing some of its biggest trials yet, from the Covid-19 pandemic. However, much … Read more

DMPQ-“Economic growth alone can not solve the challenge of development, to do so income levels needs of people need to increase as well”. Comment

. The provisional estimates of annual national income (2020-21), released on May 31 by the National Statistical Office, did not have any surprises, but for one, that is, there is nothing encouraging in the numbers. The agriculture sector continued its impressive growth performance, reiterating that it still remains as the vital sector of the economy, … Read more

DMPQ-The One Nation One Ration Card is the most far-reaching reform of the public distribution ecosystem since the Food Security Act.” Comment.

. As the Supreme Court’s deadline for all states to join the One Nation, One Ration Card (ONORC) initiative nears, this is an opportune time to examine how the scheme has fared in its first two years. ONORC allows a beneficiary to access his food entitlements from anywhere in India irrespective of the place where … Read more

DMPQ-. What is G-7’s Build back better proposal ? Explain it’s implications for India.

G-7 leaders finally came around with the proposed Build Back Better World (B3W) to counter China’s rising influence across 100-plus countries through Belt Road Initiative (BRI) projects. The proposal, though at a nascent stage, aims to address the infrastructure investment deficit in developing and lower income countries — the space which has been increasingly captured … Read more

DMPQ-. Discuss why Surveillance reforms are the need of the hour in the wake of the Pegasus project reveal.

The ‘Pegasus Project’ says that over 300 verified Indian mobile telephone numbers, including those used by ministers, opposition leaders, journalists, the legal community, businessmen, government officials, scientists, rights activists and others, were targeted using spyware made by the Israeli firm, NSO Group. In India the government can surveillance through existing laws that offer impunity for … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the challenges India faces in making it a digitally enabled Society.

Covid-19 has exposed the deep faultlines that hobble India’s transition towards a more digitally enabled society. During the pandemic, several essential services, ranging from access to healthcare services – including vaccines – to education, livelihoods, and rations — have felt the effects of unequal distribution of technology in the country. With increasing inequalities and the … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the challenges India’s Defence challenges in the wake of two fronts war.

. Given the key geostrategic challenges, emanating from the threat of two-front war (against China and Pakistan combinedly), India faces the complex threats and challenges spanning the full spectrum of conflict from nuclear to sub-conventional. Thus, required reorganisation of the armed forces for effective and efficient utilisation of its resources. Meanwhile, the Chief of Defence … Read more

DMPQ- The spread and speed of the destruction caused by climate change presents India a policy dilemma regarding Energy sector.” Elaborate.

The events of the past month have caught even the most alarmist of climate scientists by surprise. In China, 1.2 million people were displaced in the province of Henan by what was reported as a “once in a 1,000-year downpour”. In Russia, the Siberian city of Yakutsk, better known for its subzero winter temperatures faced … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss how formation of ministry of cooperation will help India’s cooperative sector.

. Cooperatives, as an organic idea and an organisational platform, are relevant, if re-imagined and implemented skilfully. Carving out a ministry for cooperation must be understood in the context of the cooperative sector’s immense transformative powerthat has not been optimally realised so far. The objective of the new ministry isto strive towards creating a legal, … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss how Abnormal Weather incidents, caused by global warming have the potential to give rise to various global scale pandemic.

In the summer of 2016, a heatwave washed over Europe, thawing permafrost in the north. In the Arctic soil of Siberia, bacteria began stirring—anthrax, to be specific. The thawing, shifting ground exposed a reindeer carcass buried and frozen in 1941. The anthrax spores from the body found their way into the top layer of soil … Read more

DMPQ- Despite India being self sufficient in food production, still faces huge hunger crisis. Discuss the causes of India’s Hunger problem specially mentioning Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report.

.  India was home to the largest number of undernourished people in the world even before the Covid-19 pandemic. The latest edition of the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report, released jointly by five UN organisations in July, reveals that the pandemic and failure on the part of state to … Read more

DMPQ- “India is facing the challenge of aging out Thermal power plant.” Elaborate . Also mention the risks associated with older power plants.

As part of the Union Budget addressfor 2020-21, the Union Finance Minister said that the shutting down of old coal power plants, which are major contributors to emissions, will aid the achievement of India’s Nationally Determined Contributions. Since plants older than 25 years make up around 20% of the total installed thermal capacity in the … Read more

DMPQ-Covid pandemic has shrunk the global trade and economy and in order to come out of this challenge global cooperation will play significant role.” Elaborate.

The devastating impact of Covid-19 pandemic has shrunk the world economy by 4.4% and global trade by 5.3%; job losses have been estimated to be to the tune of 75 million. Around the world, countries have responded to pandemic-induced shortages with protectionist reactions and nationalist aspirations with the potential to disrupt complex cross-border supply chains. … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss the need of Urban job safety net in the wake of devastating job loss after covid- 19 lockdown.

During the pandemic, governments all overthe world faced the difficult choice ofsaving lives versus protecting livelihoods. According to the World Economic Outlook report of April, 2021 of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), almost all countries, except China, experienced economic contraction last year. The global GDP shrunk by 3.3%. India’s GDP fell by 8%. As per … Read more

DMPQ-Discuss how Artificial Intelligence can bolster India’s efforts towards Digital governance. Also mention the challenges associated with it.

. In recent years there has been the proliferation of digital adoption across India, facilitated by the government’s focus on the JAM Trinity (Jan DhanAadhaar-Mobile) to create a digital identity for each citizen. From an internet penetration of just 4% in 2007, India currently covers nearly 55% of the population, and is slated to reach … Read more

DMPQ- . Afghanistan’s takeover by Taliban presents great danger to India’s Security. Discuss India’s options to deal with this challenge.

. Afghanistan has been plunged into chaos after the Taliban took overin the wake of the pullout of American forcesfrom the country. It not only ensured a swift Taliban advance across Afghanistan but also a peaceful surrender of Kabul. Reports from the provinces point to gross human rights abuses by the Taliban. Ifthe newTaliban dispensation … Read more

DMPQ- MSME’s (Micro,small and medium sized enterprises) Are key to India’s goal of 5 trillion dollar Economy. MSME’s access to credit is very important in this regard.” Elaborate.

. The Prime Minister’s dream of a USD 5-trillion Indian economy by 2025 along with effective financial inclusion and sustainable economic outcomes is premised on investment from both domestic and foreign investors. Government expenditure can only provide a stimulus, but cannot alone take India to PM’s goal. For domestic private investments to happen,the role of … Read more

DMPQ- “To Achieve the ‘Sustainable developmental Goals’ (SDG’s) set by United Nations India needs the localization of Development model.” Discuss.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a global effort that has one major objective — achieving a better future for all. To achieve these global and national targets, localisation is a crucial lever. It correlates how local and State governments can support the accomplishments of the SDGs through bottom-up action, and how the SDGs can provide … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss how getting big businesses to make strategy against the climate change is the key to fight the challange.

. The latest IPCC report released in August,2021 has issued “a code red warning to humanity”. Its main message is that the Earth is rapidly deteriorating, there is no getting away from climate change and this is happening because of human “influence.” While it cautions about extreme weather events like heat waves, heavy rainfall, floods, … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the important steps required to make cyclone resilient planning for India.

The severe cyclones, Tauktae and Yaas, which battered India earlier this year, made landfall on the country’s western coast, Gujarat, and the eastern coast, Odisha, respectively. Both storms caused massive damage to infrastructure, the agricultural sector, and houses. Around 2.5 million people were evacuated to cyclone shelters and relief camps in these two States. The … Read more

DMPQ- Do you agree to ensure justice India needs to conduct caste census ?

The caste system is India’s nemesis and has severely restricted the country’s ability to realise its immense potential and become a great nation in science,technology, knowledge, art, sport and economic prosperity. Studies suggest that 94% of marriages are endogamous; 90% of menial jobs are performed by the deprived castes, whereasthis figure isreversed in white-collarjobs. This … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the challenges of Higher Education in Regional languages. Also suggest some measures to deal with these challenges.

In India, teaching and learning have largely been in foreign languages whereas Indian languages have never got the much deserving importance in the field. However,the National Education Policy, 2020 (NEP, 2020) has emphasized the use of regional languages for instruction at the primary and higher education levels. With regard to this, the All India Council … Read more

DMPQ- Dropping out of schools of girls is the biggest challenge India is facing . State the causes of problems . Also suggest some measures to solve this challenge.

. For the past few decades, Indian women have taken a great stride in all fields of activity. Yet, a lot remains to be achieved. Indian women excelled in the Olympic Games for India. There is no reason for it to be otherwise in any other field, especially education, given the right support. As a … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss how food fortification can play crucial role in dealing with India’s nutritional challenges.

The Prime Minister emphasised the need to ensure “poshan” (nutrition) to the country’s women and children. He announced that, by 2024, rice provided to the poor under any government scheme — PDS, mid-day-meal, anganwadi — will be fortified. Leveraging science to attack the complex challenge of malnutrition, particularly forlow-income and vulnerable sections of the society, … Read more

DMPQ- Martial rape is an indignity to women. Discuss the issues associated with Martial rape exception.

. A recent case in Chhattisgarh High Court hasreignited the debate about non-criminalisation of marital rape. Even though many legal amendments have been done in criminal law forthe protection of the women, the noncriminalization of marital rape in India undermines the dignity and human rights of women. Not with standing this, the discrepancies and failings … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the significance of BRICS organization in the changing geostrategic world. Also mention the challenges associated with the success of this Organization.

. The 13th BRICS summit 2021 is set to be held in digital format under India’s chairmanship. This plurilateral grouping comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa is chaired by turn. India held the chair in 2012 and 2016 too. The grouping succeeded up to a point but it now confronts multiple challenges. It … Read more

DMPQ- . Do you agree that monetizing public assets a good Idea to revive the economy ? Discuss the challenges associated with it.

Recently, the government has released the National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP), a document listing the various public assets that will be leased out to private companies over the next four years. The government believes that monetising under utilised public assets will bring in almost Rs. 6 lakh crore to the government and help build new infrastructure … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the important reforms required for India Agriculture sector in Post pandemic time.

The postmodern approach to agriculture is premised on sustainability i.e Sustainable Agriculture(SA). It makes use of most modern technology and integrates modern management methodologies, it is also involved with producing agricultural products of high economic value. The types and techniques of post-modern agriculture are fairly wide in scope. The choice of agricultural products, improvements to … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the need of revitalizing Affirmative action for marginalized communities in the wake of issue of reservation in NEET exam .

. Recently, the government has been lauded for introducing reservations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) examinations and the decision has renewed debate on caste census and again brought the debate on affirmative action in the limelight. The affirmative action programme that was envisaged during the founding moments … Read more

DMPQ- India’s Pharma sector has played very significant role in making it the pharmacy of the world, but it still lacks in innovation and research and development. Suggest some measures to improve India’s Pharma sector.

The Indian pharma industry operates at scale, and we are leaders in the global generic world. The Indian pharmaceutical market is estimated at $40 billion and pharma companies export another $20 billion. However, this is a miniscule portion of the $1.27-trillion global pharmaceutical market. India ranks third worldwide for pharmaceutical production by volume, but only … Read more

DMPQ- Explain how Srilanka’s Current economic crisis pose a great danger to India’s Economy .

India’s ‘Neighbourhood First’ policy towards Sri Lanka had resonated with Sri Lanka’s ‘India First’ foreign and security policy in 2020. India is Sri Lanka’s third largest export destination, after the US and UK. More than 60% of Sri Lanka’s exports enjoy the benefits of the India-Sri Lanka Free Trade Agreement, which came into effect in … Read more

DMPQ- “Internet shutdowns in India in the name of law & order are violating citizen’s fundamental rights.” Elaborate the statement by citing recent supreme court’s decisions.

In January 2020, the Supreme Court of India held that access to information via the Internet is a fundamental right under the Indian Constitution. This was in the case of Anuradha Bhasin vs Union of India, where the top court also ruled that any restriction on Internet access by the Government must be temporary, limited … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the significance of diverse representation in Indian judicial system by citing recent examples.

.  The recent appointments of three female judges to the top court, and reports that one of them – Justice BV Nagarathna – could one day become India’s first female chief justice, is being hailed as a “historic moment”. State of Women Representation in Judiciary Women Representation in Supreme Court: The firstever woman judge (Justice … Read more

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