11.08.21 Daily JPSC Current Affairs

JHARKHAND

New appointment policy against locals: Das

Das said, “Hindi has been left out of languages. In State Government schools, Hindi is the medium of instruction and teaching. The State Government has tried to leave Hindi from compulsory paper with ulterior motives so that local students from the State face problems in clearing state competitive examinations.”

The regional and tribal languages which any candidate could opt for state-level examination are – Mundari, Kharia, Ho, Santhali, Khortha, Panchpargania, Bangla, Urdu, Kurmali, Nagpuri, Kurukh and Odia.

Apart from these, the State Cabinet also cleared a proposal by the Department of Personnel, Administrative Reforms for amendments in Jharkhand Secretariat Clerical Service Rules. Under this, it will be mandatory to pass 10th, 12th /Intermediate from recognized educational institutions of Jharkhand.

INTERNATIONAL

 

 

First Indian PM to Chair UNSC Debate

Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi has chaired the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) open debate through video conferencing.

Highlights:

 

With this, PM Modi has become the first Indian Prime Minister to chair a UNSC open debate. It must be remembered that India has assumed the Presidency of the UNSC for August 2021, taking over from France.

The theme of the open debate was Enhancing Maritime Security – A Case for International Cooperation. India will organize two more meetings during its presidency, on peacekeeping and counterterrorism.

During the debate, The 5 principles that need to be followed in terms of maritime trade and security, which included: free maritime trade sans barriers; peaceful settlement of maritime disputes; combating maritime threats; encouraging responsible maritime connectivity and preserving maritime environment and resources.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

 

 

Study on Pensilungpa Glacier

 

The study on Pensilungpa Glacier was conducted by scientists from the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (WIHG), Dehradun. By this study, Pensilungpa Glacier in the Zanskar region of Ladakh is retreating. Their field observations over four years (2015-19) showed that the glacier is now retreating at an average rate of 6.7 metres per annum.

 

The study has attributed this to a decrease in precipitation and an increase in the temperature during winter.

The study points at the important influence of debris cover on the mass balance and also retreat of the glacier’s endpoint, especially in summer.

The study suggests that due to continuous rise in the air temperature in line with the global trend, the melting would increase, and it is possible that the precipitation of summer periods at higher altitudes will change from snow to rain, and that may influence the summer and winter patterns.

 

 

 

Book Named The Earthspinner by Anuradha Roy

 

A book named “The Earthspinner” authored by award-winning novelist Anuradha Roy.

Highlights:

In this book, Anuradha delves into the life and mind of Elango the potter, who must navigate impossible and complicated love, the dedication of a beloved pet, his own passion for creativity and a globe turned upside down by the petty violence that characterises the present day.

The novel is about two people struggling to free themselves of such shackles to create the happiest world. Roy’s earlier works include An Atlas of Impossible Longing and The Folded Earth.

 

 

Hydrogen Fuel Cell-Based Train – Indian Railways

 

Indian Railways Organisation of Alternative Fuels (IROAF) inviting bids for Hydrogen Fuel Cell-based Train on the Indian Railways Network.

Highlights:

 

The project is expected to kick off the concept of Hydrogen Mobility in the country. First, the bids are invited for 89km of the Sonipat-Jind section of the Northern Railway. The project is expected to bring in annual savings of Rs.2.3 crores.

Advanced Chemistry Cell (ACC) Batteries and National Hydrogen Mission are two flagship programs of the Government of India to help meet the targets of reducing Green House Gas (GHG) emission under the Paris Climate Agreement 2015 and Mission Net Zero Carbon Emission Railway by 2030.

 

Rail Madad Launched by Indian Railways

 

An integrated one-stop solution Rail Madad was launched by Indian Railways in which the national transporter has merged a number of existing helplines that were used for various purposes into one.

Highlights:

The Ministry of Railways toll-free number 139 can be used for all kinds of enquiries and making complaints and the helpline facility is available all the time in 12 languages.

Rail Madad, the integrated and innovative one-stop solution for enquiry, customer grievance, suggestion and assistance, providing passengers with the choice to access  RailMadad through multiple channels, namely, Web, App, SMS, Social Media and also Helpline number (139) during the journey for expeditious resolution of their complaints.