DMPQ- Throw light on the intrusive volcanic landforms.

Batholiths A large body of magmatic material that cools in the deeper depth of the crust develops in the form of large domes. They appear on the surface only after the denudational processes remove the overlying materials. They cover large areas, and at times, assume depth that may be several km. These are granitic bodies. … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on the hurdles of land reforms in India.

The efforts towards land reform are tardy and slow in India. Following reasons can be  attributed for poor progress of land reforms. Absence of Reliable Records The absence of reliable and updated land records is  the biggest hurdle for the slow progress of land reforms. The reporting system is weak  and irregular and there has … Read more

Economy Booster- Domestic capital in economic development

Domestic capital in economic development Our economic growth has been facing headwinds which is primarily cyclical in nature. The policy makers, the regulators and the system are making an honest effort to restore it. Many fiscal and monitory policies have been announced and implemented sincerely. These measures, it is expected, will bring the desired outcome. … Read more

DMPQ- What is Environment impact assessment (EIA) ? What are issues related with EIA 2020 draft?

Environment Impact Assessment or EIA can be defined as the study to predict the effect of a proposed activity/project on the environment. A decision making tool, EIA compares various alternatives for a project and seeks to identify the one which represents the best combination of economic and environmental costs and benefits. EIA systematically examines both … Read more

Economy Booster- Growth and trade – volume, composition and direction of exports and imports

Growth and trade – volume, composition and direction of exports and imports The composition of commodities in India’s international trade has been undergoing a change over the years. The share of agriculture and allied products has declined, whereas, shares of petroleum and crude products and other commodities have increased. The shares of ore minerals and … Read more

DMPQ- What are the functions of Monetary policy committee (MPC) ? Also mention the process of decision making in the committee.

Under the Monetary Policy Framework Agreement, the RBI will be responsible for containing inflation targets at 4% (with a standard deviation of 2%) in the medium term. Under Section 45ZA(1) of the RBI Act, 1934, the Central Government determines the inflation target in terms of the Consumer Price Index, once in every five years in … Read more

Polity Booster- Linkages between development and spread of extremism

Linkages between development and spread of extremism In the Indian scenario, extremism activities(e.g. Naxalism, Radicalisation) are increasing rapidly. The scale of the extremists’ operations is massive and consequently, these activities have a perilous impact on the nation’s social, economic, and political development. Improvement in standard of living is something that everyone craves and deserves it … Read more

DMPQ- Elucidate the concept of Collective responsibility in parliamentary democracy.

The fundamental principle underlying the working of parliamentary system of government is the principle of collective responsibility. Article 75 clearly states that the council of ministers is collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. This means that all the ministers own joint responsibility to the Lok Sabha for all their acts of ommission and commission. They … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the role of Revolutionary fighters in Bengal during 1920’s.

During the 1920s many revolutionary groups reorganised their underground activities, while many continued working under the Congress, thus getting access to the masses and providing an organisational base to the Congress in towns and villages. Many cooperated with C.R. Das in his Swarajist work. After Das’s death (1925), the Bengal Congress broke up into two … Read more

DMPQ- Define the concept of Good governance and discuss various aspects of it.

Good Governance is an approach to government that is committed to creating a system founded in justice and peace that protects individual’s human rights and civil liberties. According to the United Nations, Good Governance is measured by the eight factors of Participation, Rule of Law, Transparency, Responsiveness, Consensus Oriented, Equity and Inclusiveness, Effectiveness and Efficiency, … Read more

Agriculture Booster- Commercialization of Agriculture

Commercialization of Agriculture   Commercialization of agriculture  means production of agricultural crops for sale in the market, rather than for family consumption. For marketization of agricultural products thus ‘surplus’ of production over consumption is required. But agriculture at that time was merely of the subsistence type. It had not been a consequence of conscious response … Read more

DMPQ- “ We have recently witnessed many environmental challenges arising in India’s infrastructural projects.” Elucidate the statement by citing recent examples.

. A still larger issue now emerging is the environmental issues, erosion of forest cover, etc,  around the infrastructure projects. The present issues being faced in Orissa and other  states on projects which can not only alter the face of the state but also the nation in terms  of economic development need deeper introspection. The … Read more

DMPQ- Comment on the ordinance making power of president of India.

Article 123 of the Constitution empowers the President to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect as an act of Parliament, but are in the nature of temporary laws. The ordinance-making power is the most important legislative power of the President. It has been vested in him … Read more

International Booster- Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and India

Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) and India Fifteen countries have formed the world’s largest trading bloc, covering nearly a third of the global economy.  The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) is made up of 10 Southeast Asian countries, as well as South Korea, China, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.  The pact is seen as an … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate the congres’s stand on the Khilafat issue.

. It was quite clear that the support of the Congress was essential for the Khilafat movement to succeed. However, although Gandhi was in favour of launching satyagraha and non-cooperation against the government on the Khilafat issue, the Congress was not united on this form of political action. Tilak was opposed to having an alliance … Read more

DMPQ- What important does bureaucracy plays in Indian democracy? Analyse the bottlenecks bureaucracy is facing in this mission.

Bureaucracy plays a key role in running the Public Administration e by performing the following functions: It is the responsibility of the bureaucracy to carry out and implement the policies of the government. Good policies and laws can really serve their objectives only when these are efficiently implemented by the civil servants. Policy-making is the … Read more

DMPQ- Do you agree that Non alignment movement is quickly becoming irrelevant in india’s foreign policy.

. The working of the foreign policy of India since the 1990s has resulted in a happy note with the simultaneous expansion of good relations with the all major powers, growing importance in Asia and the Indian Ocean regions and growing importance in the international system. India is bound to change according to world politics … Read more

International Booster- QUAD and Malabar 2020

QUAD and Malabar 2020 The first phase of the Malabar naval exercises is currently underway off the coast of Vishakhapatnam in the Bay of Bengal and there has been much enthusiasm and anticipation around it this year. The excitement is largely because for the first time the Malabar Exercise will see the participation of India, … Read more

DMPQ- “While globalization has brought means of betterment for Indian economy but it has presented set of challenges for the same.” Critically evaluate the statement.

While globalization does provide for means of betterment for economies, it has some  inherent challenges which will have to be addressed: While decisive thrust on exports is required, there would be pressures for liberal imports which could create issues in the domestic sector by making imported goods  cheaper threatening domestic goods. Already, the Indian market … Read more

International Booster- Pro-democracy protests in Thailand

Pro-democracy protests in Thailand Introduction Thousands of young people in Thailand are defying the authorities by gathering in the streets and calling for change in some of the biggest pro-democracy protests the country has seen in years.  An emergency decree banning such rallies was issued by the government in an attempt to clamp down on … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the consequences of presidential rule.

The President acquires the following extraordinary powers when the President’s Rule is imposed in a state: He can take up the functions of the state government and powers vested in the governor or any other executive authority in the state. He can declare that the powers of the state legislature are to be exercised by … Read more

International Booster- Israel–Arab Peace Deal 2020

Israel–Arab Peace Deal 2020 Within the span of only a month, the United States has brokered peace between Israel and two Arab countries—first the United Arab Emirates, then Bahrain. Both deals are revolutionary in scop.  By normalizing ties and focusing on business, trade, and travel, these “warm peace” agreements go beyond the often tenuous “cold … Read more

DMPQ- Analyze the important role played by Sardar Patel in the unification of India after independence.

. Sardar Patel handled effectively the integration of the princely states with his diplomatic skills and foresightedness. The problem of amalgamating 562 independent states with a democratic self-governing India was difficult and delicate. But it was essential to save India from balkanization, once the Paramountcy of British crown would lapse. Sardar Patel took charge of … Read more

DMPQ- . Discuss the challenges India faces in implementing it’s ‘neighbourhood first’ policy.

Within South Asia, Modi government framed a Neighbourhood First policy to signal India’s commitment to regional connectivity. From a policy of strategic insulation and neglect during much of the Cold War, and a reluctant embrace of regionalism thereafter, India’s regional policy has now shifted irreversibly towards strengthening cross-border relations. An Indian connectivity strategy must be … Read more

International Booster- India-US 2+2 Dialogue 2020

India-US 2+2 Dialogue 2020 Introduction India’s Minister of Defence Rajnath Singh and Minister of External Affairs Dr. S. Jaishankar welcomed U.S. Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Dr. Mark T. Esper to New Delhi for the third annual India-U.S. 2+2 Ministerial Dialogue. The Ministers welcomed the elevation of the India-U.S. relationship … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the importance of Niti Aayog in developing plans and policies for continous growth and development of India.

. NITI Aayog has been entrusted with the role to co-ordinate ‘Transforming our world:  the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’ (called as SDGs). Moving ahead from  the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), SDGs have been evolved through a long  inclusive process for achievement during 2016-2030. The SDGs cover 17 goals and 169 related targets resolved in … Read more

DMPQ- Critically evaluate the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms.

The British government, not prepared to part with or even share its power with the Indians, once again resorted to the policy of ‘carrot and stick’. The carrot was represented by the insubstantial Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, while measures such as the Rowlatt Act represented the stick. The reforms had many drawbacks: Franchise was very limited. The … Read more

International Booster- India Nepal Latest border dispute

India Nepal Latest border dispute On May 8, India’s defence minister virtually inaugurated a new 80 km-long road in the Himalayas, connecting to the border with China, at the Lipulekh pass. The Nepali government protested immediately, contending that the road crosses territory that it claims and accusing India of changing the status quo without diplomatic … Read more

DMPQ- . What do you understand by the Nagar Style of temple Architecture? How is it different from the Dravidan Style?

The Nagara style or Prasada style has become quite popular in North India. In this style, it is common to build a temple on a stone platform and unlike South Indian temples, these temples don’t have boundary walls or gateways. Earlier, there was only one shikhara built but as time passed, the complexities also increased … Read more

DMPQ- How does Great power politics affect India’s security interests in Indian ocean ?

The extension of India’s strategic posture into the Indian Ocean littoral creates opportunities and challenges associated with its increasing contact and influence across a broader area. As described above, China appears to be pursuing a policy of encirclement of India, relying upon its military advantage along the Sino–Indian border and its ‘all-weather friendship’ with Pakistan. … Read more

DMPQ- “Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) has been important milestone in the journey of financial inclusion in India.” Give the arguments in favour of the statement.

Financial inclusion involves the availability of sustainable, useful financial products and services for all business and individuals, regardless of company size or individual net worth. It makes financial services such as banking, insurance, equity, etc. available equally to all, without discrimination. Universal access to banking facilities for all households across the country through a bank … Read more

DMPQ- Throw light on the federal features enshrined in the constitution of India.

The federal features of the Constitution of India are explained below: Dual Political structure The Constitution establishes a dual polity consisting the Union at the Centre and the states at the periphery. Each is endowed with sovereign powers to be exercised in the field assigned to them respectively by the Constitution. Written Constitution The Constitution … Read more

DMPQ- . Comment on the significance of Lucknow session of Indian national congress in the Indian freedom movement.

The Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress, presided over by a Moderate, Ambika Charan Majumdar, finally readmitted the Extremists led by Tilak to the Congress fold. Various factors facilitated this reunion: Old controversies had become meaningless now. Both the Moderates and the Extremists realised that the split had led to political inactivity. Annie Besant … Read more

DMPQ- . How does pressure belt’s movement affect the formation of various climatic regions across the globe?

Some air movements are the result of the systematic pressure gradients that arise from latitudinal changes in the Earth’s surface temperature. One notable example is the Hadley Cell, a movement of warm air from the tropics that rises, flows toward the poles and then cools and sinks at around 30 degrees north and south of … Read more

DMPQ- What is International Solar Alliance (ISA) ? Discuss it’s interests and objectives in achieving renewable energy goals.

The International Solar Alliance (ISA) was conceived as a coalition of solar-resource-rich countries (which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn) to address their special energy needs. The ISA will provide a dedicated platform for cooperation among solar-resource-rich countries, through which the global community, including governments, bilateral … Read more

DMPQ- . “In 1991 India went through many liberal economic policies which changed India’s economic scenario” Elucidate.

End of license raj On 24 July 1991, Prime Minister Narasimha Rao announced the end of the license-permit Raj and Finance Minister Manmohan Singh presented a historic budget that rolled out economic liberalisation in India. It proposed getting rid of the Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices asset limit totally. Industrial licensing would be abolished for … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the concept of ‘Basic structure of Constitution’. What are important elements of basic structure of Constitution.

The question whether Fundamental Rights can be amended by the Parliament under Article 368 came for consideration of the Supreme Court within a year of the Constitution coming into force. In the Shankari Prasad case  (1951), the constitutional validity of the First Amendment Act (1951), which curtailed the right to property, was challenged. The Supreme … Read more

International Booster- Azerbaijan Armenia conflict

Azerbaijan Armenia conflict The Caucasus is a strategically important mountainous region in south-east Europe. For centuries, different powers in the region – both Christian and Muslim – have vied for control there.  Modern-day Armenia and Azerbaijan became part of the Soviet Union when it formed in the 1920s. Nagorno-Karabakh was an ethnic-majority Armenian region, but … Read more

DMPQ- What is single use plastics? Explain how they are dangerous for environment?

. Single-use plastics, often also referred to as disposable plastics, are commonly used for plastic packaging and include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These include, among other items, grocery bags, food packaging, bottles, straws, containers, stirrers, styrofoam cups or plates etc.   Impacts of single use … Read more

DMPQ- What is Gilgit-Baltistan conflict? Critically evaluate the geostrategic importance of the region.

The Gilgit Baltistan was a region of princely state of Jammu Kashmir ruled by Maharaja Hari Singh. Before independence; a rebellion occurred and rebels established an independent rule for a short time. After that; keeping view of the Muslim predominance in the region; it has been merged with Pakistan. The significance of Gilgit and Baltistan … Read more

DMPQ- . Explain the types of subsidies categorized in WTO (World trade centre).

The Anti dumping agreement defines two categories of subsidies: prohibited and actionable. It originally contained a third category: non-actionable subsidies. This category existed for five years, ending on 31 December 1999, and was not extended. The agreement applies to agricultural goods as well as industrial products, except when the subsidies are exempt under the Agriculture … Read more

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