DMPQ: Write a short note on Cryosphere.

There are places on Earth that are so cold that water is frozen solid. These areas of snow or ice, which are subject to temperatures below 32°F for at least part of the year, compose the cryosphere. The term “cryosphere” comes from the Greek word, “krios,” which means cold. Ice and snow on land are one part … Read more

DMPQ: What was the significance of Champaran Movement.

Gandhiji returned to India in January 1915 after gaining experience in South Africa with his agitational/ protest methods. After coming to India, he decided to travel India and not to take any position on any political matter for at least one year. In 1917 Gandhiji was requested to look into the problems of the farmers … Read more

DMPQ: What is the strategic importance of Golan Heights.

The Golan Heights are a fertile plateau of around 1,300 sq km area lying to the north and east of the Sea of Galilee, which Israel seized from Syria during the Six-Day War of 1967, and has occupied ever since. The Golan overlooks both Israel and Syria, and offers a commanding military vantage. Israel argues that Golan is a … Read more

DMPQ: Ordinance making power is an emergency power but in Indian constitutional history this power has been surrounded with issues. Explain the issue involved with ordinance making power.

Article 123 of the Constitution grants the President certain law-making powers to promulgate ordinances during the recess of Parliament. These ordinances have the same force and effect as an Act of Parliament but are in the nature of temporary laws.  Similarly power is given under article 213 to governor of states. Issues associated with the … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Hoysala architecture.

Hoysala architecture is the Hindu temple architecture which got developed in the region of Karnataka near Mysore. It developed in the period from 1050-1300 A.D with the prominent seats being Belur, Halebid and Sringeri. Salient features of Hoysala Architecture Multiple shrines of different deities were built around a central pillared hall. Stellate plan: These shrines are … Read more

DMPQ: Spiritual tourism potential is largely untapped. Do you agree with the statement. Discuss the steps taken by the government to promote spiritual tourism.

Since the ancient times, India has been known as the Hub of several religions and practices. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Sikhism are the most popular religions in India. There have been significant centers for all these religions which are the places for the communal worship and social harmony. The Kings who had been ruling the … Read more

DMPQ:Contribution of MSME sector is immense in Indian economy. Comment

MSMEs are labour intensive, have the advantage of low cost of production and can make good use of locally available resources pushing demand and growth The sector offers wide range of employment opportunities and absorbs most of the working age population Majorly consists of handlooms, handicrafts, coir, sericulture, khadi and village industries, small scale industries … Read more

DMPQ: Indian constitution is federation with strong centralist tendencies. Comment

Indian constitution with strong centre but it has federal elements too like dual polity, law making ability is vested separately to centre and states. Dual executives are also there but here are some provisions in the constitution which makes the federation with strong centre: Single Constitution: There are no separate constitutions for the States. In a … Read more

25.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Jharkhand’s forest cover increases marginally by 58sqkm Jharkhand, which is known for its rich flora and fauna, has witnessed a marginal increase in its forest cover by 58.41sqkm from the previous assessment, but the tree cover has decreased by 265sqkm during the same period, according to the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2019. … Read more

DMPQ-“Healthy bicameralism is predicated on the constructive relationship between Upper and Lower Houses of Parliament.” Analyse the contemporary relevance of the statement.

“The makers of our Constitution envisaged the role of the Rajya Sabha along three axes: as a legislative chamber of elders discussing, revising or delaying legislation as per need; as an institution where interests of the states of the Indian Union could be projected and safeguarded and; as a deliberative chamber where greater and diverse … Read more

DMPQ-. Explain various types of revolutions, took place in Agriculture after Independence in India. How these revolutions have helped in poverty alleviation and food security in India?

After independence, India witnessed green , blue and white revolutions in farm, fishery and dairy sector respectively. Green revolution: It was initiated to achieve food security in the country. It included three components : continued expansion of farming areas, double-cropping existing farmland, using seeds with improved genetics. The Green Revolution resulted in a record grain … Read more

DMPQ-The patrons of art and architecture during Vijayanagar Empire were the inheritors of the rich traditions of the Cholas, Pallavas and the Hoysalas. Elucidate

The vast expanse of land in the southern Deccan comprised the kingdom of Vijayanagar from 1336-1650 A.D approximately. The famous kingdom was ruled by a series of able monarchs who were great patrons of art, architecture and letters. Magnificent structures were erected during the heydays of the empire, famous among them like Hampi monuments find … Read more

DMPQ-Though the provision was used many times for the good of deprived sections, the Supreme Court’s vast powers under the Article 142 raise important concerns. Discuss, along with the need for checks and balances to uphold the doctrine of separation of powers.

Article 142 empowers the Supreme Court to make such order as is necessary for doing “complete justice” in any matter before it. Article 142 is conceived to give the apex court the powers to meet the situation(s) which cannot be effectively tackled by existing provisions of law. Over the years, the apex court has often … Read more

DMPQ-. According to many sociologists, in contemporary India, the traditional joint families are being replaced by functional joint families. What do you understand by functional joint families? Why such trend is on increase in recent years?

Features of Traditional joint family include common residence, common kitchen, common property and participation in common family worship etc. Indian family system since ancient period was basically traditional joint family system. However in recent years it has been replaced by functional joint family. Functional joint family, according to sociologist IP Desai, means a family where … Read more

DMPQ-Right to privacy has been elusive in India and the absence of a law specifying safeguards to privacy increases the risk of infringement of this right. This is accentuated by the myriad of sources collecting information about the citizens. Do you think there is a threat to privacy in India and to what extent can a law mitigate them?

The status of “Right to privacy” under the Constitution has not been settled as yet in India. In fact in M.P. Sharma vs. Satish Chandra 1954, an 8-judge bench of the Supreme Court ruled that it is not a fundamental right and this decision of the Supreme Court has not been overruled by the Supreme … Read more

DMPQ-“Political and economic empowerment of women is necessary, but not a sufficient condition for improving social status of women in India.” Comment

Political empowerment is an organized effort to increase control over resources and regulative institutions on the part of groups and movements of those hitherto excluded from such control. Political empowerment of women means to give political rights to women. These political rights include right to vote, right to get elected and equal participation and representation … Read more

DMPQ-. A recent UN report has highlighted that Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) can cost the Indian economy a whopping Rs. 6.2 trillion during the 2012-2030 period. Discuss the present status of burden of Non-communicable diseases in India. Also, suggest some measures to control the incidence of such diseases and highlight some government’s initiatives in this regard?

Chronic NCDs comprise diabetes, high and low blood pressure, cancer, chronic respiratory problems, mental disorders and cardiovascular diseases. Malnutrition and infection at early age prevalent in poor are important triggers for NCDs. Low literacy and inadequate information among people are the main cause for non- awareness about these chronic diseases. Status of burden of Non … Read more

DMPQ- “Dr. Ambedkar gave the slogan of Educate, Agitate and Organize.” In your opinion, how this slogan is relevant today in the Empowerment of the Depressed Class?

Ambedkar’s Vision of Education Bhim Rao Ambedkar was an educational Pragmatist. His educational philosophy stresses the development of person and his environment. He was highly influenced by the John Dewey’s philosophy of education. He emphasized education as one of the basic need for human. According to him education is not only a ladder for social … Read more

24.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Ravindra Nath Mahto elected as Jharkhand Assembly Speaker  In Jharkhand, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) legislator Ravindra Nath Mahto from Nala constituency was unanimously elected as the new Assembly Speaker. Protem Speaker Stephen Marandi administered the oath to the newly elected Speaker of the State Assembly. Chief Minister Hemant Soren wished the newly elected Speaker … Read more

22-23.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Stephen Marandi to be Protem Speaker for fifth Jharkhand Assembly   Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM senior leader Stephen Marandi took oath as the Protem Speaker for the fifth Jharkhand Assembly at Raj Bhavan.   Governor Draupadi Murmu administered the oath of office and secrecy to Mr Marandi. Protem Speaker Stephen Marandi will administer the … Read more

21.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

    INTERNATIONAL International Astronomical Union names new star as ‘Sharjah’   The International Astronomical Union (IAU) announced the names of the newly discovered stars and planets, where the name “Sharjah” was chosen for a star with “Barjeel” being the name of one of its planets. The announcement was made during a press conference of … Read more

DMPQ-“Dr. Ambedkar’s objection to the concurrence of Chief Justice in India in the appointment of Judges was legally allayed by the Second and Third Judges Cases.” Explain the statement in the light of the Judgment of the Apex Court in the Supreme Court Advocates-on-Record Association Vs. Union of India, 2015 (Fourth Judges case). Also explain why the Supreme Court did not consider it as necessary to review the Second and Third Judges decisions.

Dr. Ambedker’s objection was premised on the potential frailty in individual decision making, howsoever wise the person may be. As President acts on the advice of Council of Ministers, it was thought that “consultation” with Chief Justice of India (CJI) is better than the President being required to concur with the opinion of Chief Justice … Read more

DMPQ-. “Even after twenty years of the enactment of the 73rd and the 74th Constitutional Amendments, local self governments are neither local nor self-governing.” Do you agree? What are the key reasons for such a state of affairs? What suggestions would you put forward to improve the situation?

Integrating institutional reforms in local governance with economic reforms was Gandhiji’s far-sighted vision of ‘Poorna Swaraj’. Economic reforms and local government empowerment were the two great initiatives launched in the 1990s. While economic reforms have taken roots and have yielded dividends, local government empowerment, as envisaged, has not taken place. The key reason behind such … Read more

DMPQ-The growth of Indian economy since 1991 reforms can be described as the service sector led economic growth. Analyze its major impacts on the Indian Economy? Do you think that service sector led growth is sustainable in the long run? Give reasons with statistical support?

The period 2000-2010 was a golden period for growth of services in India, one of rapid services-led economic growth in India; the economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.2 per cent, and around 63 per cent of this growth came from growth of services. Such growth leads to a belief that India is … Read more

DMPQ-. The declining growth in agriculture owing to two consecutive drought years indicating a building up rural distress, discuss a roadmap to ensure complete agrarian transformation of sort to ensure sustainable livelihoods for the farmers and food security for the population?

The decline in agriculture growth is attributed to two consecutive drought years; as 60% of Indian agriculture is rain-fed. A target of 4% growth has been envisaged for agriculture and allied sectors for twelfth plan period, however, the growth was (-) 0.2 per cent in 2014-15 & 1.1% in 2015-16. The depressing situation of agriculture … Read more

DMPQ-Examine the growth of temple architecture under the Vijayanagar rule.

The temple building activity further gained momentum during the Vijayanagar rule. The chief characteristics of the Vijayanagara architecture were the construction of tall Raya Gopurams or gateways and the Kalyanamandapam with carved pillars in the temple premises. The sculptures on the pillars were carved with distinctive features. The horse was the most common animal found … Read more

DMPQ-) Estimate the achievements of Krishna Deva Raya.

The greatest of the Vijayanagar rulers, Krishna Deva Raya belonged to the Tuluva dynasty. He possessed great military ability. His imposing personality was accompanied by high intellectual quality. His first task was to check the invading Bahmani forces. The Muslim armies were decisively defeated in the battle of Diwani by Krishna Deva Raya. He invaded … Read more

DMPQ-“The two-nation theory, which we had used in the fight for Pakistan, had created not only bad blood against the Muslims of the minority provinces, but also an ideological wedge between them and the Hindus of India.” Discuss the statement and explain two nation theory importance?

Two Nation Theory’s phenomenon basically sprigged up with the advent of Islam in the Sub-Continent. The sense was very unique about Pakistan’s creation that it was generally based on ideological commitments in the light of Islam. The basic concept behind Two Nation Theory was Muslims and Hindus was two separate nations from every expects, So … Read more

DMPQ- Given an account of the India’s Cultural contribution to South East Asia and Central Asia?

India had commercial and cultural relations with her neighbours since an early time. Resulting from this, was on the one hand the introduction of foreign elements into the art and culture of India and on the other the extension of Indian religious ideas and art motifs to foreign countries. India’s Cultural contribution to Central Asia … Read more

DMPQ- Write short note on Diastrophism.

Diastrophism refers to deformation of the Earth’s crust due to diastrophic movements (deforming movements) such as folding, faulting, warping (bending or twisting of a large area) and fracturing. All processes that move, elevate or build up portions of the earth’s crust come under diastrophism.  They include: orogenic processes involving mountain building through severe folding (crust is severely deformed into folds) and affecting long … Read more

DMPQ- Write down the salient features of Chola architecture.

Chief features of Chola architecture are: (i) Dravidian feature initiated by the Pallavas acquired the classical forms and features under the Cholas such as gopurams, mandapams and  Vimanas. (ii) In the beginning, gopuram features was subdued and vimana features dominated but in the later stages, gopurams overshadowed the Vimanas. (iii) In the beginning, Vimanas were … Read more

DMPQ- Comment on the START treaty.

START (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States of America on the limitation and reduction of strategic offensive arms. The treaty was signed on 31 July 1991 and entered into force on 5 December 1994. The treaty barred its signatories from deploying … Read more

DMPQ- Explain the following: a) Financial Act b) Appropriation Act

Appropriation Act:  The Appropriation Bill under the Indian Constitution is related to the Budget making process by the Government. According to Article 114 of the Indian constitution, no money can be withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund of India ( which basically comprises of the major fund of the govt. of India) to meet specified expenditure except under an … Read more

20.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND White paper on state’s financial health soon: Jharkhand CM Chief minister Hemant Soren  said his government will release a whitepaper soon to present a picture of Jharkhand’s current financial health before the state’s people. The CM, who is also the interim finance minister, tabled the supplementary budget of Rs 4,210.08 crore for the 2019-2020 FY.   … Read more

19.12.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Daily Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   JMM-Congress-RJD alliance set to form new govt in Jharkhand   JMM-Congress-RJD Alliance is set to form a new government in Jharkhand. The alliance has won 47 seats in the 81-member assembly while BJP got 25 seats. The JMM bagged 30 and the Congress won 16 seats.   While Jharkhand Vikas Morcha has won … Read more

DMPQ- Write down the salient features of Janani Suraksha Yojana.

Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Health Mission (NHM). The Yojana was launched on 12th April 2005. It is being implemented in all states and UTs. It  is a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme and it integrates cash assistance with delivery and post-delivery care. Objectives: It was Launched for reducing maternal and neonatal mortality, to promote institutional … Read more

DMPQ- Lord William Bentinck was the first governor general of India. He introduced various reforms. Discuss the reforms brought by him.

LW Bentinck is associated with various reforms. He was one of the few Governor generals who tried to bring various reforms in Indian society and the administration. Social reforms initiated by him got a set back after 1857 revolution. The various reforms brought by him are as follows: Associated with a great many social reforms … Read more

DMPQ- Amendment to the Indian constitution is mixed of flexibility and rigidity. Discuss the ways in which constitution can be amended.

Indian constitution is rightly said is a perfect blend of rigidity and flexibility as it cannot be amended by simple majority as in the case of Britain but similarly it is not that difficult as in the case of US Constitution.  There are three ways through which constitution can be amended: By simple majority: Some … Read more

DMPQ- What do you understand by the term JAM Trinity?

JAM stands for Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile number. The government intends to use these three modes of identification to implement one of the biggest reforms in independent India – direct subsidy transfers to the poor. Current subsidy schemes take an indirect route to reach the poor of the country. Examples are the PDS, … Read more

DMPQ- Recently there was ban on the use of single use plastics. What is single use plastics.

Single-use plastics, often also referred to as disposable plastics, are commonly used for plastic packaging7 and include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled. These include, among other items, grocery bags, food packaging, bottles, straws, containers, cups and cutlery. Figure 1.1 introduces the main polymers used to manufacture … Read more

DMPQ- Discuss the objective of National career service.

National Career Service is a Five Year Mission Mode Project launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister on 20th July, 2015. The project is being implemented by the Directorate General of Employment, Ministry of Labour & Employment. National Career Service (NCS) is a one-stop solution that provides a wide array of employment and career related services … Read more

DMPQ- Lord Ripon was liberal in his attitude and made some remarkable changes in the administrative system of India. Comment

He was a true liberal of Gladstonian Era with a strong belief in the virtues of peace, laissez faire, and self government. He took some steps towards liberalizing the administration in India. His aim was to give popular and political education to the Indians. He formulated the local self government and laid the foundations of … Read more

DMPQ- Write a short note on Government debt.

Government liabilities are classified as debt contracted against the Consolidated Fund of India (defined as Public Debt) and liabilities in the Public Account, called Other Liabilities. Public debt is further classified into internal and external debt. Internal debt consists of marketable debt and non-marketable debt. Government dated securities and treasury bills, issued through auctions, together … Read more

DMPQ- Why Central Asia region is important for India?

  India has a very wide array of interests in Central Asia covering security, energy, economic opportunities etc. Central Asia serves as a land bridge between Asia and Europe, making it geopolitically axial for India. Security, stability and prosperity of Central Asia is imperative for peace and economic development of India. The region is rich … Read more

DMPQ- What is Disinvestment? Salient features of Disinvestment

Disinvestment, or divestment, refers to the act of a business or government selling or liquidating an asset or subsidiary or the process of dilution of a government’s stake in a PSU (Public Sector Undertaking). The concept of disinvestment follows the dictum: The government has no business to be in business. Thus, the government continues to … Read more

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