DMPQ: Explain the terms mentioned in the pardoning power of the President.

Pardoning powers granted under article 72 of the constitution to the President   Pardon – It removes both the sentence and the conviction and completely absolves the convict from all the sentences, punishments and disqualifications. Commutation – It denotes the substitution of one form of punishment for a lighter form. Remission – It implies reducing … Read more

DMPQ: Outline the recommendation of National commission on Agriculture to prevent farmer suicide.

In the last few years, a large number of farmers have committed suicide.  Cases of suicides have been reported from states such as Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Kerala, Punjab, Rajasthan, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.  The NCF has underlined the need to address the farmer suicide problem on a priority basis. Some of measures suggested include: … Read more

DMPQ: Short note on Akali movement.

The Akali Movement also known as Gurdwara Reform Movement came into full swing from the early 1920’s. Its aim was to bring reform in the working and management of Sikh Gurdwaras.The Akali Movement was created to free the Sikhs historic Gurdwaras from Mahants who were supported by the British rule.Eventually the Gurdwara Reform Act was … Read more

DMPQ: India and Japan currently have a special strategic and global partnership. Why did India confer such status.

Geopolitics – The rise of China and doubts about USA‘s commitments in Asia has pushed both the countries towards this relationship. Economic Aspect – Japan is investing heavily in Indian projects. The two countries are also working on a joint infrastructure development and connectivity drive traversing the Indian Ocean. Their projects span from Myanmar to … Read more

DMPQ: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana  (PMMVY) is a Maternity Benefit Programme that is implemented in all the districts of the country in accordance with the provision of the National Food Security Act, 2013.Providing partial compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentive s so that the woman can take adequate res t before … Read more

06.03.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   ·         JEPC plans more  Samarth Vidyalayas for vulnerable kids   The Jharkhand Education Project Council (JEPC) has planned to expand the reach of the special residential schools ‘Samarth Vidyalaya’ in different districts. The special schools meant for the children – in need of the care and protection is presently covering the 16 districts … Read more

DMPQ: Why UAE is special for India’s Look west policy?

UAE is a special partner in India’s look west policy. UAE with its surplus of oil and capital can fuel the demand of India. India diaspora is a huge source of human resource for UAE. The relation pillars can be summarised under the two heads:   Economically: Central to India’s pitch for improving foreign direct … Read more

DMPQ: Ramakrishna Mission

Named after One of the most prominent religious figures of India during the nineteenth century, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa was a mystic and a yogi who translated complex spiritual concepts into lucid and easily intelligible manner. He pursued the Divine throughout his life in various forms and believed in divine embodiment of the Supreme Being in … Read more

DMPQ: Short note on USTTAD Scheme.

The scheme “Upgrading the Skills and Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for Development (USTTAD) was launched in May, 2015.  “Shilp Utsav” component of the scheme has been implemented through ”National Minorities Development and Finance Corporation (NMDFC) to provide support to minority craftsmen/ artisans for marketing their products. The Ministry has also engaged Knowledge Partners viz. National … Read more

DMPQ: What is a heavy Industry? What are the location factors suitable for setting up of heavy industries.?

Heavy industry relates to a type of business that typically carries a high capital cost (capital-intensive), high barriers to entry and low transportability. The term “heavy” refers to the fact that the items produced by “heavy industry” used to be products such as iron, coal, oil, ships, etc. Location factors are as follows: Availability of raw material … Read more

DMPQ: What is social forestry? What are its advantages?

Social Forestry means the management and protection of forests as well as afforestation of barren lands with purpose of helping in the environmental, Social and rural development. Social forestry is forestry for community development. Thus, it is people oriented, value based management of forests with a major objective of satisfying the needs, wants and aspirations of … Read more

05.03.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   Three Jharkhand districts top in Niti’s development ranking   Three Jharkhand districts Chatra, Sahibganj and Hazaribagh have topped in the ranking of aspirational districtsby Niti Aayog for the December 2018-January 2019 period. Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant released the list of 112aspirational districts across six developmental areas. The development areas include health and nutrition, education, agriculture and … Read more

DMPQ: What was the mandate of New education policy in India? Outline its salient features.

The Committee was constituted under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) in October,2015.  The report proposes an Education Policy, which seeks to address challenges faced by the current education system.  Key features of the proposed Policy are summarised below. Early childhood care and education was inconsistent across states. The committee recommended that ECCE for … Read more

DMPQ: What do you mean by the term strategic disinvestment?

In strategic disinvestment the government sells major portion of its stake to a strategic buyer and also gives over the management control.Under it, the strategic Partner, may hold less percentage of shares than the government but the control of management will be wit him.or example, in a PSU, where the government holding 51%, and out of this, sale of … Read more

DMPQ: Nai Roshni scheme

The Ministry of Minority Affairs has started implementation of a scheme “Nai Roshni” for Leadership Development of Minority Women from 2012-13. The scheme aims to empower and instil confidence among minority women by providing knowledge, tools and techniques for interacting with Government systems, Banks and other institutions at all levels. The scheme is implemented through … Read more

DMPQ: What were the main features of the Nature of peasant movement in India?

The characteristics of Peasant movement were: Movements were localised in character and did not leave and successor. The revolts were against the zamindars and money lenders. Unlike Tribal uprising the movements were not against the British colonialism and their exploitative policy. The revolts were characterised by hindu Muslim unity. Pre mutiny the movements were highly … Read more

03-04.03.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   EC brings helpline, mobile app for voters   The Voter helpline mobile application app launched by Election Commission of India will be introduced in State in upcoming general election.   The mobile application app provides service and information delivery to voters.   The enrolled electors in the electoral roll can check the details … Read more

DMPQ: write down the recommendations of Bibek debroi committee?

Bibek debroi committee gave recommendations for transformation of Indian Railways. The committee gave its report in 2015. The major recommendations of committee are as follows: Transition in the process of making financial statement and books and accounts. It has to be in accordance with the international standards. Streamline in the recruitment and HR process. Services … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Vaikom Satyagraha?

Vaikom Satyagraha was a movement in Travancore (modern-day Kerala) for temple entry of the depressed classes. It took place near the Shiva Temple at Vaikom, Kottayam district, Kerala during 1924-25. Vaikom was at that time a part of the princely state of Travancore.According to the prevalent caste system in Kerala and the rest of India, … Read more

DMPQ: What are the positives in India-Saudi Arabia relation?

Positive: Energy security: Saudi Arabia today is our 4th largest trade partner (after China, USA and Japan) and is a major source of energy as we import around 17 % of our crude oil requirement from the Kingdom. Investment:According to Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority (SAGIA), there are 322 Indian companies as joint ventures/100% owned … Read more

DMPQ: Short note on Tertiary coal field.

Tertiary coal 15 to 60 million years old. Carbon content is very low.Mainly confined to the extra-Peninsula [Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh etc.]Coal generally has low carbon and high percentage of moisture and Sulphur.It takes few hundred million years for the carbon content to improve.Important areas of Tertiary coal include parts of … Read more


OPERATION NISTAR:   It is a operation carried out by Indian Naval Ship Sunayna. The Indians were stranded in Scotra island after a cyclone hit the area and INS Sunayna had evacuated them in the operation.  The cyclone mekunu had badly hit various parts OPERATION RAHAT: ‘Operation Rahat’ was launched by Indian Armed Forces to evacuate … Read more

DMPQ:What is YAMANAKA gene? Write down its application

Yamanaka genes are group of four essential genes in our body that are responsible for regenerating old cells or growing new cells.They are also know as OSKM(Oct4,Sox2,Klf4 &Myc) & are named after Japanese scientist Shinya Yamanaka. Significance of Yamanaka Genes: Major significance is that the introduction of these genes can convert adult cells into pluripotent stem … Read more

DMPQ:What are the concerns in India-Australia bilateral relations?

Dichotomous Australian Foreign Policy- Historically, a key problem with Australia’s bilateral relationships has been the misalignment of Australia’s economic and political-security interests. While Australia is reliant on the US for its defence and security through the Australia-New Zealand-US treaty, its economy depends on China, which accounts for a huge share in bilateral trade and investment. Challenges … Read more

DMPQ:Gondwana coal field in India

Gondwana coal makes up to 98 per cent of the total reserves and 99 per cent of the production of coal in India. Satpuras, denudation [weathering + erosion] has exposed coal bearing Gondwana strata.The carbon content in Gondwana coal [250 million years old] is less compared to the  Carboniferous coal [350 million years old][Almost Absent in India] because of its much … Read more

DMPQ:Given an account on the contribution of Rani Gaidinliu in Indian Freedom struggle.

This fiery female leader in Indian freedom struggle gets often compared with Rani Laxmibai for her courageous acts during the days of freedom fighting.  At a tender age of 16, she began a movement against the British imperialism demanding end of colonial rule and resurgence of Zeliangrong religion and Naga self-rule. The British administration captured … Read more

DMPQ:Give an account about the Iron ore reserve in India.

DRAW MAP Major Iron ore reserve are in : Odisha The ores are rich in haematites.India’s richest haematite deposits are located in Barabil-Koira valley.Others: Sundargarh, Mayurbhanj, Cuttack, Sambalpur, Keonjhar and Koraput districts. Jharkhand 25 per cent of reserves.First mine in Singhbhum district in 1904.Iron ore of here is of highest quality and will last for … Read more

DMPQ:Write down the objectives of padebharat and bhadebharat.

a) To enable children to become motivated, independent and engaged readers and writers with comprehension possessing sustainable and lasting reading and writing skills and achieve learnings level appropriate to the class of study. b) To make the children understand the reasoning in the domains of number, measurement and shapes, and enable them to become independent … Read more

DMPQ:What are the potential converging areas in the India- Australia Bilateral relations?

Australia PM has announced recently a three pillar strategy in INDIA -AUS relations. The focus of this report is on building a sustainable long-term India economic strategy. The report identifies 10 sectors and 10 states in an evolving Indian market where Australia has competitive advantages, and where it should focus its efforts. These are divided … Read more

DMPQ:Relevance of Hindustan Socialist Republic Association

Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) was a revolutionary organisation, also known as Hindustan Socialist Republican Army established in the year 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla, New Delhi by Chandrasekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and other group members. Previously,it was known as Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) . Likewise the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) was also … Read more

DMPQ: Write a short note on Malabar exercise

The Malabar exercises were first established in 1992 between India and the United States, but due to tensions arising from India’s nuclearization in 1998, it became an annual feature only in 2002.The bilateral exercises evolved from basic naval drills to include aircraft carriers in 2005 and added anti-piracy drills and search and rescue with a … Read more

02.03.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Govt approves Adani Powers Rs 14,000 crore Jharkhand SEZ project     The government has approved a Rs 14,000-crorespecial economic zone (SEZ) project of Adani Power in Jharkhand, which will export the entire power generated in the Unit to It will be ready by the end of 2022. The company had sought approval for setting up the project over … Read more

DMPQ:What are DNA vaccine?

DNA vaccines are third generation vaccines, made up of small, circular pieces of bacterial DNA, plasmids. These plasmids are genetically engineered to produce specific antigens from a pathogen. The DNA is injected into the cells of the body where the host cell then interprets the DNA and uses it to synthesize the pathogen’s proteins. An … Read more

DMPQ: Short note on Delaram- Zaranj Highway.

This highway is also known as Route 606. Length of the highway is nearabout 200Km. It connects Delaram( border city of afghanisatn) to Zaranj ( Capital of Nirmuz province of Afghanistan). India Financed this project. Border road organization has constructed the highway. Construction of the road started in 2005 and the project completed in 2009.  … Read more


The Union Budget, 2018-19, has proposed to treat school education holistically without segmentation from pre-nursery to Class 12. Samagra Shiksha – an overarching programme for the school education sector extending from pre-school to class 12 has been, therefore, prepared with the broader goal of improving school effectiveness measured in terms of equal opportunities for schooling … Read more

DMPQ:What is Citizen Charter? Why Citizen charter is necessary?

Citizens’ Charters initiative is a response to the mission for solving the problems which a citizen meets, day in and day out, while dealing with the organisations providing public services. The charter is the declaration of commitment to superiority in service to customers of the department. The citizen charter declares the standards for various services … Read more

DMPQ:What are the salient features of National Electronic Policy?

The Union Cabinet  gave its approval to the National Policy on Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019), proposed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). The Policy envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing – (ESDM) by encouraging and driving capabilities in the country for developing core components, including … Read more

01.03.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Centre gives Jharkhand 17% of its drought bill   The Centre has approved ?272.42 crore as drought relief to Jharkhand against the state’s demand of ?1,535 crore.   The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) approved ?1,600 crore in assistance to four states — Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and Manipur — as compensation for … Read more

DMPQ: Bio fungicide (Raksha).

Trichoderma harzianum is a naturally occurring fungus, which is used as a biofungicide to protect mulberry (Morus alba L.) from root-rot and wilt diseases caused by other harmful fungi. A talc-based biofungiside (Raksha) has been developed using T. harzianum for the control of root rot diseases of mulberry. Raksha is applied after mixing with farm-yard … Read more

DMPQ: . Explain the following terms: a) Sunrise Industry b) Foot loose Industry

Sunrise Industry: Sunrise industry is a colloquial term for a burgeoning sector or business that is just in its infancy but shows promise of a rapid boom. A sunrise industry is typically characterized by high growth rates, numerous start-ups and an abundance of venture capital funding. Sunrise industries generally have plenty of “buzz” surrounding them as public … Read more

DMPQ: Write short note on UNESCO

Its aim is “to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information” It was established in 1946 and is based in Paris. It has 195 member states and ten associate members. Its five major programs are:  Education,  Natural sciences,  Social/human … Read more


One of the key components of the National Rural Health Mission is to provide every village in the country with a trained female community health activist ASHA or Accredited Social Health Activist. Selected from the village itself and accountable to it, the ASHA will be trained to work as an interface between the community and … Read more

DMPQ: National Green Corps

: National Green Corps is a major initiative of MOEFCC for creating environmental awareness launched in 2001-02 which aims at building cadres of young children working towards environmental conservation and sustainable development .   It is operated through Eco-clubs set up in schools registered as members of  NGC, this programme exposes school children to in-depth field … Read more

DMPQ: What is JAM Trinity? How it is beneficial?

An abbreviation for Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile number. The government is pinning its hopes on these three modes of identification to deliver direct benefits to India’s poor. Benefits of JAM: Ensure minimum leakages and direct benefit transfer. Remove the bottleneck of exclusion error. Will bring efficiency in implementation of scheme. Will help in … Read more

DMPQ: Recently the setting up of courts for trial of Politician tainted in criminal case was in the news. Discuss the consequence of criminalization of Politics.

: Impact of Criminalization: The law-breakers get elected as law-makers- The people who are being tried for various offences are given the opportunity to make laws for the whole country, which undermines the sanctity of the Parliament. Loss of public faith in Judicial machinery- It is apparent that those with political influence take advantage of their power … Read more

DMPQ: What is the significance of high quantum of Diaspora?

As per the ‘World Migration Report (2018)’, published by the International Organisation for Migration, the Indian diaspora constitutes 6% of the total number of international migrants . The population of overseas Indian increased from 6.7 million in 1990 to 16 million in 2015. However, if computed as a percentage of the world’s population, the growth of … Read more

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