DMPQ:What is contract farming? Why there is a need of contract farming?

Contract farming is agricultural production carried out according to an agreement between farmers and a buyer, which places conditions on the production and marketing of the commodity. Contract farming (CF) is defined as forward agreements specifying the obligations of farmers and buyers as partners in business. Legally, farming contracts entail the sellers’ (farmers’) obligation to … Read more

DMPQ:Importance of Western Ghats is immense. Comment.

The Western Ghats are the mountain groups running parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula. The Ghats is well known for its biodiversity, where we can find a variety of flora and fauna. Mountain range starts around the border of Gujarat and Maharashtra, to the south of river Tapti. Runs through the states of … Read more

DMPQ:What are pressure belts? Explain with diagram

:  The distribution of atmospheric pressure across the latitudes is termed global horizontal distribution of pressure. Its main feature is its zonal character known as pressure belts.   On the earth’s surface, there are seven pressure belts. They are the Equatorial Low, the two Subtropical highs, the two Subpolar lows, and the two Polar highs. … Read more

DMPQ:Write a short note on UNEP.

:  United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of United Nations and coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices. It was founded by Maurice Strong, its first director, as a result of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm Conference) in June 1972 and has … Read more

12.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Rs 1,000 crore proposed for  NCDC schemes in State   Integrated development projects have been started in four districts of Jharkhand by NCDC including Ranchi, Khunti, Saraikela-Kharsawan and West Singhbhoom.   NCDC has provided financial assistance to the State under different programs to increase the income of the farmers and weaker sections of the … Read more

DMPQ: . PM KISAN (Schemes)

:  To provide an assured income support to the small and marginal farmers, Government is launching a historic programme namely “Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)”. Under this programme, vulnerable landholding farmer families, having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support at the rate of Rs 6,000 per year. This income … Read more

DMPQ: Write a note on Stockholm conference.(ENVT)

: The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (also known as the Stockholm Conference) was an international conference convened under United Nations auspices held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5-16, 1972. It was the UN’s first major conference on international environmental issues, and marked a turning point in the development of international environmental politics. … Read more

DMPQ: What is Preventive detention? Do you think preventive detention is in sink with the democratic principles? (POLITY)

The imprisonment of a person with the aim of preventing them from committing further offences or of maintaining public order. The grounds for Preventive detention are: * Security of state. * Maintenance of public order. * Maintenance of supplies and essential services and defence. * Foreign affairs or security of India. Preventive detention is not … Read more

10-11.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND PM to gift 3 medical colleges to J’khand on February 17   In his third visit to Jharkhand in past six months, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate three medical colleges built with a cost of nearly Rs 885 crore and other welfare projects worth around Rs 1000 crore during a public rally in … Read more

DMPQ: What is upwelling? Explain with an example. (GEOGRAPHY)

: Winds blowing across the ocean surface push water away. Water then rises up from beneath the surface to replace the water that was pushed away. This process is known as “upwelling.”   Upwelling occurs in the open ocean and along coastlines. The reverse process, called “downwelling,” also occurs when wind causes surface water to … Read more

09.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Orphan girl child too included in Sukanya Yojna   Sukanya Yojna is for the orphan girl child also and in her case there is no rider of either socio economic caste census (SECC) of 2011 or of any Antodaya tagging.   Jharkhand has 27,46,106 families identified under SECC 2011 and 9,11,217 families that hold … Read more

08.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Jharkhand okays to set up Tribal Commission Bill   Jharkhand Legislative Assembly passed Jharkhand State Scheduled Tribes Commission 2019 Bill with an amendment proposal brought by MLAs Radha Krishna Kishore, Shivshankar Oraon, Ram Kumar Pahan, and Laxman Tuddu. It has been stated that any person having knowledge about history, tradition, custom and culture can … Read more

DMPQ: Government of India in the recent past has banned many NGOs both domestic and Indian firm. Why they were banned? What is the benefit for India in banning these NGO’s?

NGOs are legally constituted organizations, operate independently from the government and are generally considered to be “non-state, non-profit oriented groups who pursue purposes of public interest”.   Why banned: Many of them were found to be violating some provision of the act in some manner, for example Greenpeace India was banned for exceeding the cap … Read more

DMPQ: . What are wetlands? What is Ramsar convention?

Wetlands are areas of marsh or peatland with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or saline, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed 6 m.   Wetlands are transition zones between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. E.g. Mangroves, lake littorals (marginal areas between highest and lowest … Read more

DMPQ: . Short note on Mission Indradhanush.

Mission Indradhanush was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India on December 25, 2014. Aims to cover all those children by 2020 who are either unvaccinated, or are partially vaccinated against 7 vaccine preventable diseases. The diseases are – diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, measles and hepatitis B 4 pillars … Read more

DMPQ: What are NGO’s? How India Benefitted from NGO’s?

from the government and are generally considered to be “non-state, non-profit oriented groups who pursue purposes of public interest”. The primary objective of NGOs is to provide social justice, development and human rights. NGOs are generally funded totally or partly by governments and they maintain their non-governmental status by excluding government representatives from membership in … Read more

DMPQ: What is Joint comprehensive plan of action?

The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) known commonly as the Iran deal or Iran nuclear deal, is an international agreement on the nuclear program of Iran reached in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), … Read more

India’s Cultural Diplomacy And Indian Diaspora

? India's Cultural diplomacy and Indian Diaspora     Cultural diplomacy is a specified form of diplomacy that encourages a deliberate effort of cultural exchange. It facilitates the understanding of foreign cultural dynamics. Itis exchange of ideas, information, art, lifestyles, value systems, traditions, beliefs another aspects of cultures.   The Indian Diaspora is a generic … Read more

Oceans Tides

? Oceans  tides An ocean tide refers to the cyclic rise and fall of seawater. Tides are caused by slight variations in gravitational attraction between the Earth and the moon and the Sun in geometric relationship with locations on the Earth's surface. Tides are periodic primarily because of the cyclical influence of the Earth's rotation. … Read more

Approaches To Disaster Risk Reductions

? Disaster management meant different for different players. For many decades prior to Major catastrophes like Orissa Super Cyclone (1999), Gujarat Earth quake & West Bengal Floods (2000) disaster management for respective state governments was to emphasis on early warning, evacuation, post disaster compensation, rehabilitation, shelter construction, i.e., basically reactive.  And, NGOs, who consider they … Read more

Climatic Regions Of India

? : Koeppen’s Classification   Climate Type Climatic Region Annual Rainfall in the Region Amw(Monsoon type with shorter dry winter season) Western coastal region, south of Mumbai over 300 cm As(Monsoon type with dry season in high sun period) Coromandel coast = Coastal Tamil Nadu and adjoining areas of Andhra Pradesh 75 – 100 cm [wet … Read more

Economic Reforms In India

? New Industrial Policy Under Industrial Policy, keeping in view the priorities of the country and its economic development, the roles of the public and private sectors are clearly decided. Under the New Industrial Policy, the industries have been freed to a large extent from the licenses and other controls. In order to encourage modernisation, … Read more

District Planning Committee And Planning

? The institution of District Planning Committee as envisaged in the 73rd Constitution Amendment Act (73rd CAA) is the realisation of consistent and conscious effort towards decentralised planning since the process of planned development began in the country. The desire for decentralised planning was first expressed way back in the first five year plan (1951-56), … Read more

Human Development Index

? The HDI is an average measure of basic human development achievements in a country measured by UNDP. It is an average of long-term progress in three basic dimensions of human development viz. a long and healthy life, access to knowledge and a decent standard of living. India has been placed at 130th position in … Read more


? , nourishment, or aliment, is the supply of materials – food – required by organisms and cells to stay alive. In science and human medicine, nutrition is the science or practice of consuming and utilizing foods. Nutrients are the substances that form foods. These may include the following:  Carbohydrates They provide us with energy … Read more

Blood Group

? is an inherited feature on the surface of the red blood cells. A series of related blood types constitutes a blood group system, such as the Rh or ABO system. The frequencies of the ABO and Rh blood types vary from population to population. In the US, the most common type is O+ (meaning … Read more

Monuments And Conservation

? Museums and Archives in Karnataka; Preservation and protection of historical monuments – work of Archaeological Survey of India – World Heritage Sites in Karnataka. The concept of museums in India may be traced back to the historic times, in which references to the chitrasala (picture gallery) do occur. The earliest necessity to house objects of … Read more

The Kushana Dynasty

? Facts related to Uttar Pradesh Under the rule of Kanishka, the Kushana empire reached its maximum territorial limits. This empire extended from the Central Asia to the northern India, while including Varanasi, Kaushambi and Sravasti in Uttar Pradesh region. The Kushanas patronized the Gandhara and the Mathura schools of sculptural art which are known for producing … Read more

The Vedas For All

? – The Casteless society The Sanatana Dharma during Vedic era had never endorsed caste system. Thus restoration of true Sanatana Dharma alone would create a casteless society in India. The caste is always a British invention which enumerated based on occupation. But true definition of 'Jaati' as per Veda is completely different from what … Read more

Tribal Problems

? : Isolation Migration and Acculturation Various Problems of Tribal Communities in India As per the dictionary, problem means a question to be considered, solved, or answered in a particular way, difficult to deal or control. Social problems are those social conditions identified by scientific inquiry and values as detrimental to human well-being." Jerome G. … Read more

07.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND BSTDC to develop tourism hotspots in dists   Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation Limited (BSTDC) will soon develop tourism hotspots in all the 38 districts of the state.   The department will now take special measures to facilitate movement of tourists with disability in popular tourist destinations. Due to lack of basic facilities like specialized toilets and … Read more

06.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND 86% covered under Food Security Act   Jharkhand has managed to cover around 86 per cent of its total population under the Food Security Act as against the national average of 75 per cent.   The State’s performance in Food Security Act, implies that it has made enormous progress in terms of the coverage … Read more

05.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND ·         Jharkhand sends eco-zone proposals for four sanctuaries to Centre ð   Jharkhand forest department has sent draft proposals to ministry of environment, forest and climate change for declaring eco-sensitive zone around four protected wildlife abodes — namely Palkot sanctuary (Gumla), Lavalong sanctuary (Chatra), Gautam Buddha sanctuary (Koderma-Hazaribagh-Gaya) and Udhawa bird sanctuary (Sahebganj), a move which … Read more

03-04.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND PM lays foundation of Jamshedpur Women’s University   Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of Jamshedpur Women’s University online from Srinagar. The event was witnessed on the campus of Jamshedpur Women’s College in Bistupur where Chief Minister Raghubar Das was also present.   The online foundation stone laying of the upgradation of … Read more

02.02.19 Jharkhand (JPSC) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND CM distributes Rs 2.96 cr among 5,623 Sukanya beneficiaries   Chief Minister Raghubar Das distributed Rs 2.96 crore among 5623 girls of South Chhotanagpur Division under the Chief Minister Sukanya Yojna in an awareness programme organised in Gumla.   The objective of the Chief Minister Sukanya Yojna is complete empowerment of the daughters of … Read more

DMPQ: What is the mandate of SFIO? ( ECONOMY)

SFIO stands for serious frauds investigation office. It is a investigation agency which is under the jurisdiction of ministry of corporate affairs.  The mandate of SFIO is as under: The SFIO is involved in major fraud probes and is the co-ordinating agency with the Income Tax Department and the Central Bureau of Investigation. It is … Read more

DMPQ: What is Nagaraj judgement? Discuss in detail. (POLITY)

Nagaraj and others vs Union of India and others, 2006 was judgement passed against in the case of petition filed against the constitutional validity of &77, 81, 82 and 85 amendment act. 77 CAA- inserted clause 4A in article 16( equality of opportunity in matters of public employment; reservation in promotion) 81 CAA- inserted clause … Read more

DMPQ: What is Rohingya crisis? (IR)

Rohingyas are the muslim community living in the Rakhine state of Myanmar.  Their number stands at 1 million people out of the 53 million population. They are the world’s largest stateless population in a single country.  They are perceived to be the most persecuted community in the world. Since World War Two they have been … Read more

DMPQ: . Explain the basic parts of the computer? (SCIENCE)

.  The basic parts of a computer are as follows ? Input Unit ? Devices like keyboard and mouse that are used to input data and instructions to the computer are called input unit. Output Unit ? Devices like printer and visual display unit that are used to provide information to the user in desired format are … Read more

DMPQ: What are vulture restaurants? Describe their aims. (ECOLOGY)

These restaurants are located strategically with a regular supply of safe food by collecting dead animals from local people. Vultures feed on the dead carcass. Vultures play an important ecological role through the rapid consumption of animal carcasses. Presently there are three ‘Vulture Restaurants’ in Gadchiroli forest division at Marakbodi, Madetukum and Nimgaon.   Aim: … Read more

DMPQ: What is safety valve theory? Does the safety valve theory explain the formation of congress? ( HISTORY)

Safety Valve theory: The INC was started under the official direction, guidance and advice of Lord Dufferin, the Viceroy, to provide a safe, mild, peaceful and constitutional outlet or safety valve for the rising discontent among the masses, which was inevitably leading towards a popular and violent revolution. The safety valve theory is inadequate and … Read more

DMPQ: Applications of Nanotechnology in Health care sector. Discuss ( SCIENCE)

Nanotechnology has the potential to completely revolutionise all the three key aspects of healthcare sector-Diagnosis, prevention and Treatment. It can completely change the healthcare sector for the next generation. Nanotechnology will help medical professionals in today’s most excruciating medical issues, such as repairing of damaged organs, diagnosis and treatment of cancer cells, removal of obstruction … Read more

DMPQ: . Write a short note on plea bargaining?( POLITY)

Indian Judicial system. A plea bargain is an agreement in a criminal case in which a prosecutor and a defendant arrange to settle the case against the defendant. Plea bargaining was introduced through the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2005.   The defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for some agreement from the prosecutor as … Read more

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