DMPQ: What is SEBI? Write down its functions

SEBI stands for securities and exchange board of India. It was set up through a government resolution in an effort to give the Indian stock market an organised structure. Its initial paid up capital up was Rs. 50 Crore.   Main functions and powers of the SEBI are as follows: Registering and stock exchanges, merchant … Read more

DMPQ: What is Nitrogen cycle. Explain its various stages. (science)

The nitrogen cycle is a complex biogeochemical cycle in which nitrogen is converted from its inert atmospheric molecular form (N2) into a form that is useful in biological processes. The Nitrogen cycle contains various stages: Nitrogen fixation: Inert form of Nitrogen is fixed and converted into organic form in a process called nitrogen fixation. Most … Read more

DMPQ: Explain carbon cycle. ( science)

The element carbon is a part of seawater, the atmosphere, rocks such as limestone and coal, soils, as well as all living things. On our dynamic planet, carbon is able to move from one of these realms to another as a part of the carbon cycle. It is one of the important cycle of atoms … Read more

DMPQ: NREGA had been projected as the world largest public works project for the generation of jobs. The scheme was well intentioned but had its own set of problems. Discuss the issues with NREGA. ( Scheme evaluation)

  Sluggish peace of work Shoddy implementation Corruption of the executive agencies Deficient institutional management Siphoning of funds Defalcation by intermediaries and middlemen Procedural wrangles Non utilisation and diversion of funds Ritualistic monitoring of programme Indifference towards community mobilisation Delayed payment of wages Fake or ghost jobs Targeted beneficiaries are not even aware about the … Read more

DMPQ: Jinnah turn down Rajagopalchari proposal as it offered a ‘Mutilated and moth-eaten Pakistan. What was the Rajagopalchari formula? ( History)

C rajagopalchari tried to resolve the deadlock between muslim league and Congress to arrive at a solution. He proposed a formula to address the issues between the two different political entity. The plan was given in 1944 and a formula to hold talks with jinnah. The following is the formula: The muslim league while endorsing … Read more

DMPQ: Banking sector was highly regulated and the sad state of affairs of the bank prior to 1991 was mainly because of government mismanagement. In this context discuss the recommendation of Narsimahan Committee.( Economics)

A high level committee on financial system was set up on august 14,1991. The objective of the committee was set up to examine all aspect relating to structure, organisation, function and procedures of the financial system.  The recommendations were majorly aimed at ensuring a degree of operational flexibility; internal autonomy for public sector banks; and … Read more

DMPQ: What are the provisions of RTE acts? ( Acts)

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 This act is an embodiment of  Article 21-A, which says that every child has a right to full time elementary education of satisfactory and equitable quality in a formal school which satisfies certain essential norms and standards. Article 21-A and the RTE Act … Read more

DMPQ: what are the highlights of New education policy ( Policies)

1) An Indian Education Service (IES) should be established as an all India service with officers being on permanent settlement to the state governments but with the cadre controlling authority vesting with the Human Resource Development (HRD) ministry.   2) The outlay on education should be raised to at least 6% of GDP without further … Read more

DMPQ: Royal Indian Navy mutiny made an impression on the British, that it would be better to leave the country. Explain

This was the incident where the military the major pillar of strength for british empire showed dissatisfaction and internal strife among the naval establishment.  On feb,1846 , a section of non commissioned officers and sailors known as ratings, serving in the royal Indian navy, mutinied against the British officers. The major issue was the hardship … Read more

DMPQ: Free electric power to the farmers is causing a drain on exchequer and also they are not achieving the desire result. Do you agree with the statement. ( Polity)

There is about accumulated debt of 1 lakh crore on state electricity boards. The reasons being free power is a political issues and different political parties offer it as dole to influence the voter. This subsidy has done more damage than good. 83% of the Punjab farmers have small or marginal land holdings and they … Read more

DMPQ: Discuss the role of INA in the freedom struggle. ( History)

Indian national army idea was conceived by Mohan singh, a prisoner of war, in Malaya. Japan provided the support.  A conference in Bangkok where Ras Behari bose was elected as president of the league and a decision was taken to raise the Indian National army or azad hind fauz to fight for India’s Independence. Finally … Read more

DMPQ: Salient features of NREGA act. ( ACT)

All rural households in rural areas, whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work eligible. Job card under the act is the right of every rural household wiling to work on NREGA and applies for it,   Choice of works done through village level plans and 50% or more of work to be executed … Read more

DMPQ: Essay for JPSC Mains Exam

ESSAY (Compulsory) Time :  3 Hours Maximum Marks : 100 *    Write two essays, choosing one each from Sections A and B. *  The attempt has to be in the same language, either English or Hindi. *  Each attempt should be in about 900 words individually. * Credit will be given to aptness of format, … Read more

DMPQ: Tax reforms are the major part of the economic programme. Discuss the reforms taken in the direct taxes and indirect taxes in India.( Economy)

Since the beginnings of the last decade as a part of the economic reforms programme, the taxation system in the country has been subjected to consistent and comprehensive programme.  Indian government over the years have introduced tax reforms from time to time.     Direct tax reforms: Reduction and rationalisation of rates- there are only … Read more

DMPQ: What is sustainable agriculture? How it can be achieved?(5 marker)( science)

Sustainability means keeping an effort going continuously. So, sustainable agriculture means successful management of resources for agriculture to satisfy the changing human needs, while maintaining or enhancing the quality of environment and conserving natural resources. Sustainable agriculture can be achieved by adopting; Mixed farming Mixed cropping Crop rotation Crop selection Varietal improvement   Q3.               Coalitions government … Read more

DMPQ: Quality of Air in Delhi is getting worsen day by day. What are the causes for air pollution in Delhi. Suggest ways to deal with the problem of air pollution. ( Envt)

Delhi has become a smoke chamber in the recent past especially in winters. The changes in temperature  and slowing wind traps soot, dust fine and particulate matter. The reasons for air pollution are as follows: Burning of agricultural residue in Punjab and harayana. Farm stubble burning. This reason got aggravated because of the use of … Read more

DMPQ: What is poultry farming? What are the desirable traits developed Obtained after cross breeding? ( Science)

Poultry is the rearing of domesticated fowl (chicken), ducks, geese, turkey and some varieties of pigeon for their meat and eggs. The specialized meat-producing poultry birds are called broilers while egg-laying poultry birds are called layers. The tremendous rise in the availability of poultry products is called Silver Revolution. Variety improvement is done by cross-breeding … Read more

DMPQ: Coalition is a reality and can’t be avoided in Indian context. Suggest the ways for coalitions to work. (Polity)

Coalition is a reality in a diverse country like India. Initially it was seen as a hurdle but Indian political system has done well to cope up with the demerits of Coalition system.  Although different party have varied ideology but they have certain minimum commonalities like removing poverty and unemployment. Here are the ways through … Read more

DMPQ: What was the purpose of Cabinet Mission Plan? How it was received by major political entities of the time? ( History)

The purpose of the cabinet mission plan was to obtain an agreement with the Indian Leaders as to the framing of a constitution in India. The other purpose was to formulate the schemes for formulation of Constitution making body and to form interim government.   Reaction to the cabinet Mission Plan: Congress:        Against the … Read more

What do you understand by Tax expenditure? Comment on its relevance? ( Economy)

Tax expenditure is the revenue foregone as a result of exemptions and concessions. Tax expenditure was introduced for the first time in 2006-07 union budget.  Tax expenditure is justified on following grounds: Act as an incentive for priority sector like infrastructure. It promotes balance regional growth It neutralise the disadvantage on account of location It … Read more

social security benefits is one of the most important aspect of welfare state. In this context discuss the provisions of Pradhan mantrivayavandanda yojana.( Schemes)

with the rise in average life expectancy there is a need to provide the senior citizens with social security. Hence government of India came up with PMVVY to provide pension and hence income security.   Eligibility   A senior citizen above the age of 60 years of age will fall under the scheme.   Available … Read more

Electoral reforms in a democracy is a continuous process. In light of this statement suggest some electoral reforms. ( Polity)

Democracy success depends upon the conduct of free and fair elections. Hence electoral reforms is must to ensure a vibrant democracy. Reforms are itself dynamic in nature. The electoral reforms can be grouped as under: Reforms to cleanse the electoral system Debarring criminally tainted politicians from contesting , fast track courts and special courts Checking … Read more

“ this was the only way to achieve freedom and liberty for the country.” Discuss the reasons for partition of India. ( History)

This statement was given by Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant during the moving of partition resolution. Communal riots which began in Calcutta on 16th August with the observance of the Direct Action Day, Spread like chain reaction Mountbatten’s Judgement in the summer of 1947 that division of the country was the only practical solution, was accepted … Read more

What is a disease? Discuss the type of disease? ( Science)

Disease is a condition that impairs the proper functioning of the body or its parts. A disease can be defined as: Any deviation from normal functioning or state of complete physical and mental well being. Types of diseases: The human diseases are broadly classified into following four categories: Acute diseases Chronic diseases Congenital diseases Acquired … Read more

What is Mixed cropping? What is the criteria for the selection of crops during mixed cropping? Write down the advantages of mixed cropping? (science)

The practice of cultivating two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land is called mixed cropping. During mixed cropping, if one crop faces adverse conditions or pathogen attack then the other crop can be saved.The basic objective in mixed cropping is to minimize the risk and insure against the crop failure due to … Read more

To cope with climate challenge and to develop resilience of Indian agriculture covering crops, livestock and fisheries to climatic variability ICAR has started NICRA. Discuss the features of this project.( schemes)

Climate change is inevitable. The best strategy to deal with climate change is adoption of practices to make our farming more resilient. ICAR has launched a network of project called NICRA. It stands for National innovation on climate resilient agriculture. The salient features of NICRA are as follows:   It takes into account the critical … Read more

Define the following term: (economy)

Tax incidence:  Tax incidence is the entity on whom tax is imposed. It is the distribution of the overall tax burden between sellers and buyers in an economy.     Tax burden:       It is the total amount of tax paid by a particular group of people, an industry etc especially as compared to what other … Read more

Partition of India was inevitable and Mountbatten ensured that peaceful solution to the problem of Partition can be achieved. Discuss the Mountbatten Plan.( History)

After the announcement of deadline by House of commons that British will left by 30th June, 1948 all the processes for peaceful resolutions were tried out.    But all the solutions went in vain and Partition was the only solution left. For peaceful partition, Mountbatten was appointed. He gave the  Mountbatten plan for Partition. Features of … Read more

25.10.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   CM lays foundation stone for Rs 427.92 crore schemes   Chief Minister Raghubar Das laid the foundation stone for the schemes worth Rs 427.92 crore for West Singhbhum district at a function organised at Chaibasa. A total of 37 schemes of different departments will be undertaken under the project.   The all-round development … Read more

DMPQ: What is cooperative federalism? What are the challenges to cooperative federalism?

Cooperative federalism, also known as marble-cake federalism, is a concept of federalism in which national, state, and local governments interact cooperatively and collectively to solve common problems. But having cooperative federalism is a difficulty in  India. There are various challenges to cooperative federalism: Centralising provisions, which weigh heavily on spirit of cooperation. Eg art 3, … Read more

DMPQ: What are the objectives of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushdi Pariyojana? Discuss its salient features also.

Out of pocket expenditure on health is one of the reason for perpetual poverty. The major chunk goes in buying medicine. Hence to deal with this issue PMB jan aushadhi yojana was launched to ensure the availability of quality medicine at affordable price for all, particularly the poor and disadvantaged.  The salient features of the … Read more

DMPQ: What is competitive federalism? Comment on its demerits and merits

Competitive federalism make states a competitive unit which provides a package of services and fiscal environment that attracts more resources. It is akin to market place system.   Benefits of CF: Promotes innovation Better services to citizens Place emphasis on continuous reforms Discipline state fiscally Best suited to deal with the pressures of globalisation Harmonisation … Read more

DMPQ: What is biofortification? AND tissue Culture

  What is biofortification? Ans:          Biofortification is the process of breeding crops with higher levels of vitamins and minerals, or higher protein and healthier fats. Breeding for improved crops with higher levels of vitamins and minerals, or higher protein and healthier fats. Breeding is done with the objective of improving protein content and quality. Oil … Read more

DMPQ: What is immunity? Explain the types of immunity?

Immunity is the ability of the body to fight against infectious agents. The immunity can be classified as innate immunity and acquired immunity. Innate immunityis a non-specific type of defense mechanism.  It has four types: i) Physical barrier: Example, skin covering of the body, secretion of mucous in the respiratory tract ii)Physiological barrier: Example, acid in the … Read more

DMPQ: Start up India scheme

Start up India was launched to build a strong ecosystem for nurturing innovation and startups in the country which will drive economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities.  Start Up India scheme shows government recognition of the potential of start ups. It tries to utilise India’s IT prowess and to converge it to develop … Read more

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