Biodiversity: concept, hotspots, threats to biodiversity

Biodiversity is defined as the¬†variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems. Basically¬†biodiversity is the total number of genes, species and ecosystems of a region. It includes … Read more

Concept of Ecosystem, Structure and Function of Ecosystem

Eco-System-An ecosystem is defined as a structural and functional unit of biosphere consisting of community of living beings and the physical environment, both interacting and exchanging materials between them. It includes plants, trees, animals, fish, birds, micro-organisms, water, soil, and¬† people. When an ecosystem is healthy (i.e. sustainable) it means that all the elements live … Read more

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