Horticulture and Irrigation of Jharkhand


Plantation and Horticulture sector is one of the important sub sectors agriculture, having ample scope for expansion in the State of Jharkhand. The total area. occupied by various Plantation and Hoticulture (P&H) crop in the State is about 2.57 lakh ha., with an estimated total production of 37.85 lakh  tones  The share of P&H crops is 3.25% of total geographical area of    20  lakh ha and 14.21  % of net sown area of I 8.02 lakh ha.

The area and production and major P & H crops in the state (1998-99 status ) are as under.

S.NO               Crops                            Area (ha)                                  Production (in MT)

1                   Mango                             7153                                               85836

2                  Banana                             2580                                               51600

3                  Guava                               5030                                                60360

4                  Litchi                                 1377                                                16524

5                 Citrus                                 5377                                                53770

6                Other fruits                       11386                                              113860

7                Vegetables                       223595                                             3394888

8                Coconut                           789                                                       7890

Diffcrenit kinds of fruit crops are grown in Jharkhand. Considering the agro climatic suitability and future prospects. Government of Jharkhand, has programmed to implement various scheme / programmes for the promotion of this sector, major thrust is being given for bringing additional area under various Plantation and Horticulture crops and enhancing the productivity of  existing yielding crops.




S.NO                District                                        Percentage of Irrigated land of

Total Agriculture land

1                      Godda                                                          14.21

2                      Dumka                                                              9.47

3                      Sahebganj ( pakur)                                          3.86

4                     Deoghar                                                           14.22

5                     Dhanbad                                                           2.08

6                     Hazaribagn ( chatra )                                      10.51

7                     Giridih                                                                6.99

8                     Palamu(Garhwa)                                              24.25

9                    Ranchi                                                                 6.12

10                   Lohardagga                                                         8.87

11                    Gumla                                                                 2.45

12                    E.singhbhum                                                      5.0

13                   W. singhbhum                                                    4.0


Sources of Irrigation at Jharkhand

Canal                                                                        17.53%

Pond                                                                         19.07%

Tubewell                                                                  8.25%

Well                                                                           29.38%

Others                                                                        25.77%

Population explosion, the key factor for increased demand for food grains will  be the challenge for  our country in the 21st century.  Inspite of  rapid  be strides in the development of agriculture, there is limitation to production of  food grains from (he land resources. Hence, the exploitation of vast water resources available in our country for fisheries development assumes much  significance  Besides supply of protein rich food , fisheries sector has vast potential to provide employment to people in  rural areas and thus to unproved their socioeconomic condition . .This  sector has high export potential also.

Jharkhand is endowed with vast impounded freshwater, resources in the farm   tanks/ponds and reservoirs. These water bodies are yet to be exploited for commercial aquaculture. Thus, there is abundant scope for horizontal and vertical expansion of fish culture in this State. The different types of water resources available for development in  the Stale are  indicated in the Table below :

s.no                             type of water resources                  Number                   Area (ha)

1                                     Tanks/ponds                                   29.335                   30300.07

2                                     Reservoirs                                          106                      107351.00

3                                    Low lying areas                                                                 1038.90

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