02.12.21 Daily jPSC Current Affairs

 

JHARKHAND

IITF: J’khand Pavillion bags Gold medal in Focus State category

The country’s largest trade fair, the India International Trade Fair, concluded on Saturday. At the conclusion of the fair, Union Minority Affairs Minister Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi presented the Jharkhand Pavilion with a Gold Medal and a Citation in the Focus State Category.

The Director of the pavilion, Rajendra Prasad received the medal and the citation on behalf of the Jharkhand Pavilion. On this occasion, he said that this pavilion put up by the Jharkhand Industries Department is a world class platform for various departments of Jharkhand and its craftsmen, artisans and businessmen. On behalf of Jharkhand Pavilion, we are grateful to India Trade Promotion Organization for this medal.

Director Rajendra Prasad informed that this year around 42 stalls were set up in the pavilion. To whom the Jharkhand Industries Department gave a citation for coming to the pavilion. In this, Jharkhand’s Department of Mines and Geology was given first, Forest Environment and Climate Change was given the second and Ranchi Smart City was given third place. This year around 20 lakhs have been sold at the stalls of Jharkhand in the fair. It is expected that next year the fair will bring more good collections from the State.

 

INTERNATIONAL

 

India With Foreign Collaboration Develop Jet Engines For Aircraft

On November 29, 2021, India is set to develop jet engines like Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) in correlation with the International Engine House.

Highlights:

The inherent Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas is integrated with an imported engine, will be developed soon in India.

These indigenous engines will also be utilised to power Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA).

Flight Operational Clearance (FOC) arrangement of LCA Tejas needs higher pressure than the predetermined engine requirement.

 

 

NATIONAL

 

National Pollution Control Day Is Observed On December 2

 

India marks the National Pollution Control Day on December 2 in remembrance of the people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy.

Highlights:

The National Pollution Control Day is commemorated in India to make the citizens aware of laws in India that help contain pollution.

The day is observed on the following objectives.

To create awareness in developing air pollution.

To educate people on controlling and operating industrial disasters.

To make everyone aware of pollution control laws in the country.

To create awareness on ways to decrease the level of pollution.

To prevent industrial pollution that is affected by human carelessness.

The National Pollution Control Day, 2021 theme is to create awareness about the importance of pollution control and educate people on preventing pollution.

Gk bit : Laws of India To prevent and control pollution.

  • Environment impact assessment, 2006
  • Maharashtra biodegradable garbage control ordinance, 2006
  • Batteries management and handling rules, 2001
  • Municipal solid waste management and handling rules, 2000
  • Noise pollution regulation and control rules, 2000
  • Ozone-depleting substances regulation rules, 2000
  • Recycled plastics manufacture and usage rules, 1999
  • Biomedical waste management and handling rules, 1998
  • Chemical accidents emergency, preparedness, planning and response rules, 1996
  • National environment tribunal act, 1995
  • Manufacture, import, storage, export and storage of hazardous microorganisms genetically engineered organisms or cells rules, 1989
  • Hazardous waste management and handling rules, 1989
  • Manufacture, import and storage of hazardous chemical rules, 1989
  • Environment protection act, 1986
  • Environment protection rules, 1986
  • Air prevention and control of pollution act, 1981
  • Water prevention and control of pollution act, 1977

 

 

Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill

 

Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill was recently passed in the lok sabha which intends to regulate  ART.

Highlights:

ART covers all methods that are used to get pregnant. The procedures shall incorporate handling oocytes (immature eggs) or sperms outside the body.

It shall also involve giving the embryo into the woman’s body.

The ART services shall cover the following: Donation of sperm or oocytes, In – Vitro Fertilisation – fertilising an egg and a sperm in the lab, Gestational Surrogacy – child carried by biological mother or surrogate mother.

The bill states that every ART bank or clinic should be listed under the National Registry of Banks and Clinics of India. The bill will authorise the National Registry.

The registry will act as a database holding details of the hospitals and banks providing ART services.

 

Dam Safety Bill

 

The Dam Safety Bill was introduced in Rajya Sabha, which aims to inspect, survey, maintain and operate dams in the country which are 100 years old.

Highlights

The bill establishes two national bodies- National Committee on Dam Safety and National Dam Safety Authority.

The National Committee on Dam Safety will develop policies and support regulations associated with dam safety.

The National Dam Safety Authority fulfils the policies enshrined by the National Committee and provides technical support to the State Dam Safety Organisations.

The bill will also constitute two state bodies- State Committee on Dam Safety and State Dam Safety Authority.

 

Committee Revisit Criteria Determining EWS

 

A committee has been appointed by the Centre to review the criteria for identifying EWS.

Highlights:

Following the explanation requirements to Article 15 of the Constitution, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has constituted a three-member committee to evaluate the grounds for reservation for the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) category.

The committee has been given three weeks to conclude its task.

Former Finance Secretary Ajay Bhushan Pandey will lead the committee. Following the Supreme Court’s involvement, the government announced the formation of a commission to review the EWS reservation criteria.

The Supreme Court is now considering petitions contesting the government’s July announcement of a 10% EWS quota in NEET admissions.

 

 

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