Paul H Appleby, in his two reports on Indian Administration, was very critical of the role of CAG and attacked the significance of his work5. He also suggested that the CAG should be relieved of the responsibility of audit. In other words, he recommended the abolition of the office of CAG. His points of criticism … Read more DMPQ-. Give a brief description of Paul Appleby’s criticism of CAG’s Auditing responsibility.
. Monolithic pillars and capitols made during this period are prime example of Mauryan art. The important places where the pillars have been found are Basarah-Bakhira, Lauriya-Nandangarh, Rampurva, Sankisa and Sarnath. These pillars were carved in two types of stone viz. the spotted red and white sandstone from the region of Mathura and buff-coloured fine … Read more DMPQ-Monolithic pillars are epitome of Mauryan architecture.” Elucidate.
When Napoleon named Joseph Bonaparte King of Spain and its colonies, which included Venezuela, Bolívar joined the resistance movement. The resistance group based in Caracas gained independence in 1810, and Bolívar traveled to Britain on a diplomatic mission. The fight for control of Caracas, Venezuela and most of South American continued on back home. Finally, … Read more DMPQ-Write an essay on Simon Bolivar’s role in latin America’s freedom.
Social forestry means the management and protection of forests and afforestation on barren lands with the purpose of helping in the environmental, social and rural development. The National Commission on Agriculture (1976) has classified social forestry into three categories. The main thrust of social forestry is to reduce pressure on the traditional forest areas by … Read more DMPQ-Briefly describe the major components of social forestry. Also mention the significance of it.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a key role in development & Economic growth of Rural India. Political, Cultural, Socio-economic Developmental & Behavioral decisions today rests on the ability to access, gather, analyze and utilize Information and Knowledge. ICT is the conduits that transmit information and knowledge to individual to widen their choices for Economic … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the role of e-governance in India’s rural development.
The role of CAG in the auditing of public corporations is limited. Broadly speaking, his relationship with the public corporations falls into the following three categories: Some corporations are audited totally and directly by the CAG, for example, Damodar Valley Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Commission, Air India, Indian Airlines Corporation, and others. Some other … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the CAG’s relationship with public corporations.
. The salient features of the Draft National Water Policy (2012) are presented below: Emphasis on the need for a national water framework law, comprehensive legislation for optimum development of inter-State rivers and river valleys, amendment of Irrigation Acts, Indian Easements Act, 1882, etc. Water, after meeting the pre-emptive needs for safe drinking water and … Read more DMPQ-. Discuss the salient features of India’s national water policy.
Japan was the only country to remain outside colonial clutches. Japanese military generals called ‘shoguns’ ruled Japan for more than 200 years and emperor was mere figurehead. Japanese society was almost feudal and it was largely disconnected from the wider world. Japan awakened to the modern development in middle of 19th century only when its … Read more DMPQ-Write an essay on the rise of modern Japan.
. The El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an irregular cycle of change in wind and sea surface temperatures over the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean, affecting the climate of much of the tropics and subtropics. The warming phase of the sea temperature is known as El Nino and the cooling phase as La Nina. This sea … Read more DMPQ-How does ENSO (El-Nino southern oscillation) phenomenon effects Monsoon in India ?
. Photonics is the science of light. It is the technology of generating, controlling, and detecting light waves and photons, which are particles of light. The characteristics of the waves and photons can be used to explore the universe, cure diseases, and even to solve crimes. Scientists have been studying light for hundreds of years. … Read more DMPQ-Briefly describe photonics. Also mention the need of photonics.
. In pursuance of the provision of Article 350-B of the Constitution, the office of the Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities was created in 1957. He is designated as the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities. The Commissioner takes up all the matters pertaining to the grievances arising out of the non- implementation of the Constitutional and … Read more DMPQ-Describe the role and objectives of Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities.
Global warming due to GHGs and Ozone depletion may have following adverse consequences: Faster snow melting and glacier depletion Melting of glaciers will put close to half of world’s population under threat from flooding in short term and draughts, water and power shortages in long run. Siachin Glacier has retreated by around 1 km in … Read more DMPQ-Throw light on the potential consequences we are witnessing because of global warming.
USA became a power to reckon with within three decades of end of civil war and heavy Industrialization of USA took place. USA produced 1/3rd of total steel of world by 1900. For a long time, its growth was un-noticed as most of its production was consumed at home itself. It was only by 1890s … Read more DMPQ-Trace the rise of United states of America as global power in 19th century.
The Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) or Thermal Equator is a broad trough of low pressure in equatorial latitudes (it always remains on the north of the equator due to effect of landmass). This is where the northeast and the southeast trade winds converge and this is a low pressure zone. This convergence zone lies … Read more DMPQ-What is Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). How does it effects India’s climate.
As genetic research becomes more sophisticated, so does our ability to use plants and animals to develop new drugs or modify crops to meet food security needs. Often, in the search for new bio resources, researchers draw on local people’s traditional knowledge about the properties of a particular plant, animal or chemical compound. When researchers … Read more DMPQ-. Give a brief description about Bio-piracy with examples.
. The National Commission for SCs and STs came into being consequent upon passing of the 65th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1990. The Commission was established under Article 338 of the Constitution with the objective of monitoring all the safeguards provided for the SCs and STs under the Constitution or other law. Geographically and culturally, … Read more DMPQ-. Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for ST’s. Also mention the functions of the commission.
. India’s policy on climate change can be broadly divided into two phases – one in which it strictly adhered to ‘Historical Responsibility’ slogan and the other when it diluted it as it became a bigger economy and bigger polluter. India has become third largest emitter of GHG in absolute terms only behind China, which … Read more DMPQ-Discuss India’s climate change policy and also mention the changes brought in it overtime.
Carbonari, a secret society was formed by people to liberate Italy from clutches of foreigners. Rulers of Naples and Piedmont also encouraged liberal tendencies. But these efforts were curbed by Metternich. French revolutions of 1830 and 1848 sparked feelings of liberation, but the smaller states couldn’t coordinate and Austria again suppressed movements and movement was … Read more DMPQ-Trace the events that led to the unification of Italy.
They can be of various types depending upon the process of precipitation, obstacles etc. Convectional Rain The, air on being heated, becomes light and rises up in convection currents. As it rises, it expands and loses heat and consequently, condensation takes place and cumulous clouds are formed. With thunder and lightening, heavy rainfall takes place … Read more DMPQ-. Explain different types of rain.
Hydroponics, or growing plants in a nutrient solution root medium, is a growing area of commercial food production and also is used for home food production by hobbyists. Learn about the state-of-the-art techniques for producing food in a controlled, soilless setting. Major factors to ensure the successful hydroponics practice are as follows: Ensuring water quality … Read more DMPQ-What is hydroponics? Mention the important factors necessary for successful practice of hydroponics.
. Originally, Article 338 of the Constitution provided for the appointment of a Special Officer for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) to investigate all matters relating to the constitutional safeguards for the SCs and STs and to report to the President on their working3. He was designated as the Commissioner for SCs and … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the constitutional evolution of national commission for SC’s.
. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits has been negotiated under the aegis of CBD to fulfill one of the objectives of CBD i.e. to promote equitable sharing of benefits arising out of use of genetic resources. It was signed by CoP in Nagoya, Japan. Once … Read more DMPQ-Briefly discuss the significance of Nagoya protocol, 2010 in the conservation of biodiversity.
. After defeat of Napoleon in battle of Waterloo, Prince Metternich Chancellor of Austria convened Congress of European Powers in Vienna. It was a first of its kind diplomatic meet in which all concerned powers affected by Napoleon attended. After end of napoleon’s reign, European heads met from 1814 to 1815 in Vienna to settle … Read more DMPQ-“Congress of Vienna, 1814 was an effort of European powers to reinstate the older Europe.” Explain.
. Process of formation of the fronts is known as frontogenesis. There are four types of fronts: Cold Front When the cold air moves towards the warm air mass, its contact zone is called the cold front. As the cold front nears your region, the barometer falls. The cold air behind the front wedges under … Read more DMPQ-Discuss the different types of fronts formed during the process of frontogenesis.
Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism. Cloning happens often in nature—for example, when a cell replicates itself asexually without any genetic alteration or recombination. Prokaryotic organisms (organisms lacking a cell nucleus) such as bacteria create genetically identical duplicates of themselves using binary fission or budding. … Read more DMPQ-. Describe the basic concept of Cloning. Also mention the potential drawbacks of applications of Cloning.
. The Constitution of India envisages the Finance commission as the balancing wheel of fiscal federalism in India. However, its role in the Centre–state fiscal relations has been undermined by the emergence of the Planning Commission, a non-constitutional and a non-statutory body. Dr P V Rajamannar, the Chairman of the Fourth Finance commission, highlighted the … Read more DMPQ- . How did extra constitutional institutes like planning commission has effected the significance of finance commission.
Kyoto protocol set ambitious goals for countries but couldn’t meet them. Reasons for the failure of Kyoto protocol are as follows: Though Kyoto was legal, it didn’t have provision of enforcing penalties, as a result developed countries failed to meet the target and also got away with that. Developing countries criticized this protocol from the … Read more DMPQ- Explain why Kyoto protocol couldn’t achieve it’s goals.
. Napoleon’s fetish for power led him to zenith and then to his doom. He made some terrible blunders like – Continental policy, invasion on Russia, attack on Spanish sovereignty and so on. The very economic system he was supposed to boost was badly damaged by wars. His European Wars hit the already developing France … Read more DMPQ- Napoleonic Empire was Doomed Because of Its Inherent and Self Defeating Contradictions.”
. The trade winds, westerly and easterlies are the permanent winds. These blow constantly throughout the year in a particular direction and they are global in nature. These play an important role in, and in turn get influenced too, formation of Weather Cell. Headly Cell The air at the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) rises … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the types of cells formed primary wind circulations.
A biometric system is a technology which takes an individual’s physiological, behavioral, or both traits as input, analyzes it, and identifies the individual as a genuine or malicious user. Basic Components of a Biometric System Input Interface (Sensors) It is the sensing component of a biometrics system that converts human biological data into digital form. … Read more DMPQ- Point out the major components and applications of biometric system.
The Constitution makes a provision for the establishment of a Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPSC) for two or more states. While the UPSC and the SPSC are created directly by the Constitution, a JSPSC can be created by an act of Parliament on the request of the state legislatures concerned. Thus, a JSPSC is … Read more DMPQ- Explain the role of joint state public service commission.
. In a bid to curb carbon emissions and global warming, Kyoto Protocol was signed among various countries and it entered into force in 2005 which marked the beginning of its first commitment period till 2012 (second commitment period was agreed from 2013-20). It was an extension of UNFCCC and a concrete plan to bring … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly discuss the Kyoto protocol. Also mention the two major instruments of this protocol.
. Instead of being a radical abrupt change, the American Revolution was a culmination of evolutionary changes that resulted in an evolved way of life. With the social, political and economic spheres, the change occurred gradually and remained largely unnoticed. For example, in Political sphere, the 13 colonies already had a certain degree of independence, … Read more DMPQ- . “American Revolution was a Natural and Even Expected Event in The History of Colonial People Who Had Come of Age.” Comment.
. Most of the metallic minerals in India occur in the peninsular plateau region in the old crystalline rocks. Over 97 per cent of coal reserves occur in the valleys of Damodar, Sone, Mahanadi and Godavari. Areas of high rainfall lack in soluble minerals like Limestone, Gypsum and Salt. Northern Plains are poor in minerals … Read more DMPQ- Point out the major mineral belts of India.
Stem cells are a group of cells in our bodies, with capacity to self-renew and differentiate to various types of cells, thus to construct tissues and organs. In science, it is still a challenge to understand how a fertilized egg to develop germ layers and various types of cells, which further develop to multiple tissues … Read more DMPQ- Briefly describe the stem cell. Mention the characteristics of Stem cells.
. The Constitution visualizes the SPSC to be the ‘watchdog of merit system’ in the state. It is concerned with the recruitment to the state services and advises the government, when consulted, on promotion and disciplinary matters. It is not concerned with the classification of services, pay and service conditions, cadre management, training and so … Read more DMPQ- Explain the role of state public service commission’s role in the recruitment process.
. Of all the political parties that emerged immediately after independence the Socialist Party held the greatest promise. In Jayaprakash Narayan it had a leader next only to Jawaharlal Nehru in mass popularity. It had also several other brilliant leaders, for example, Acharya Narendra Dev, Achyut Patwardhan, Asoka Mehta, Dr Rammanohar Lohia and S.M. Joshi. … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the economic and political activities of Jaiprakash Narayan’s socialist party after independence.
Answer. In 1939 the Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow, declared India a party to war without consulting Indian political leaders or the elected provincial representatives. This caused considerable resentment in India and provoked the resignation en masse of elected Congress Party Provincial Governments in 1939 (which were elected in 1937), giving rise to the prospect of public … Read more DMPQ- Give a brief background about cripps mission. Mention the major features of cripps mission.
. Some of the major cropping systems are: Sequential system Multiple crops are grown in a sequence using short duration crops and intense input management. In Maharashtra, a sequence of Rice, Beans and Ground nuts is followed. It is the most common cropping system in India. Mixed cropping It refers to crop mixture of two … Read more DMPQ- . Discuss the major crop patterns in India.
A concern about what affect genetically modified material could have on human health. For example, transgenic crops have been suggested to cause allergies in some people, although it is uncertain whether transgenic crops are the source of this reaction. Furthermore the antibiotic resistance genes placed in these crops has been suggested to cause resistance to … Read more DMPQ- Explain the potential disadvantages of Transgenic crops.
. As in the case of UPSC, the Constitution has made the following provisions to safeguard and ensure the independent and impartial functioning of a SPSC: The chairman or a member of a SPSC can be removed from office by the president only in the manner and on the grounds mentioned in the Constitution. Therefore, … Read more DMPQ- Point out the constitutional provisions inducted to ensure the independent working of state public service commission.
. Nehru died without naming a political heir and dissension and factionalism had become a part of Congress. Major contenders of PM post were Morarji Desai – a honest sound administrator, but unpopular for being self-righteous, inflexible and even right winger; and Lal Bahdur Shastri – a mild, tactful, likeable and personally incorruptible. The succession … Read more DMPQ- . Give a brief description of Lal Bahadur Shastri era.
Amidst all the confusion over war and Congress’ dilemma of joining the war, Muslim League passed a resolution in its 1940 session declaring that ‘Muslims are not a minority, but a separate nation’. This gave rise to ‘Two nation Theory’. It called for the creation of ‘independent states’ for Muslims in British India. The constituent … Read more DMPQ- Discuss how Lahore resolution became founding stone for the success of two nation theory.
. The Committee recommends a total financial investment of Rs 1,00,000 crore over a five year period. Its key recommendations are: The Committee notes that the ‘present environment on Indian Railways reveals a grim picture of inadequate performance’ largely due to poor infrastructure and resources, and lack of empowerment at the functional level. The financial … Read more DMPQ- . Throw light on the recommendations given by Kakodkar committee for railway safety.
A transgenic crop is a genetically modified organism (GMO). Transgenic indicates that a transfer of genes has occurred using recombinant DNA technology. Generally a transgenic crop contains one or more genes that have been inserted artificially either from an unrelated plant or from different species altogether. Plants have been modified for many reasons over the … Read more DMPQ- What are Transgenic crops ? Explain how transgenic crops have the potential to end the food security crisis.
. A State Public Service Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the governor of the state. The Constitution does not specify the strength of the Commission but has left the matter to the discretion of the Governor. Further, no qualifications are prescribed for the commission’s membership except that one-half of the … Read more DMPQ- . Briefly describe the composition of state public service commission and also mention the process of removal of it’s members.
Almost after Indira Gandhi’s swearing in as PM after 1971 elections, Bangladesh Crisis broke out. It was a direct challenge to the Two Nations Theory itself that people of one religion form one nation. Political and economic elites of West Pakistan had dominated the scene and people of East Pakistan had no mechanism to air … Read more DMPQ- Explain government of India’s role in the liberation of Bangladesh.
Gandhi had retired from Congress in 1934 and Congress under Jawahar’s leadership has acquired a taste of socialism and radicalism. Subhas was chosen unanimously in February 1938 session of Congress at Haripura to built upon that trend. In that session under the leadership of Bose, Congress passed a resolution to opposition to the impending imperialistic … Read more DMPQ- Explain how Tripuri congress session led to the foundation of Forward block.
. India is a tropical country and has around 300 days availability of sunlight which is one of the highest in the world. Germany is a sub-tropical country, now produces almost 40% of its energy from renewable power. India has huge potential. Solar power has one unique advantage that it can be used to supply … Read more DMPQ- Give a brief description of current scenario of solar power production in India.
. In India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) introduced the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 as an umbrella legislation to provide a holistic framework for the protection and improvement to the environment. In connection with the use of micro-organisms and application of gene technology, the MoEFCC notified the “Rules for manufacture, use/import/export & … Read more DMPQ- Discuss the process of regulation of Genetically modified (GM) foods in India.