India joined Hague code of conduct in 2016. What is this hague code of conduct?

The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation, also known asthe Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC), was established on 25 November 2002 as anarrangement to prevent the proliferation of ballistic missiles. It is the result of international efforts to regulate access to ballistic missileswhich can potentially deliver weapons of mass destruction. The HCOC is … Read more

Discuss the reproductive events in the Human?

Gametogenesis :  The gametogenesis is the formation of gametes i.e. sperm in males and ovum in females. It is also known as spermatogenesis and Oogenesis. Insemination:        Insemination is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female animal or plant for the purpose of impregnating or fertilizing the female for sexual reproduction. The sperm is introduced … Read more

What is Asia Africa growth corridor? Discuss its relevance.

The Asia-Africa Growth Corridor is an India-Japan economic cooperation agreement aimed at the socio-economic development of Asia and Africa.  The vision document for AAGC was released by India in the 2017 African Development Bank meeting.The aim of the Asia-Africa Growth Corridor is to develop infrastructure and digital connectivity in Africa through Indo-Japan collaboration. The AAGC … Read more

Give an account of the following: a) JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE b) Nagpur session of INC in 1920 c) Khilafat movement d) Lahore conspiracy case

a)JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE- JBM: On Baisakhi day, a large, crowd of people mostly from neighboring villages, unaware ofthe prohibitory orders in the city, had gathered in this small park to protest against the arrest of their leaders, SaifuddinKitchlew and Satyapal.The Army surrounded the gathering under orders from General Dyer and blocked theonly exit point and … Read more

Explain the composition of blood.

Blood circulates in our body and it transport substance like digested food from the small intestine to the other parts of the body. It carries oxygen from lungs to the cells of the body. It also transport waste for removal from the body. Major components of Blood are as follows: Plasma: Plasma is the liquid … Read more

What is shale gas and fracking? Problems associated with shale gas extraction.

Shales are fine-grained sedimentary rocks formed of organic-rich mud at the bottom of ancient seas.Subsequent sedimentation and the resultant heat and pressure transformed the mud into shale and also produced natural gas from the organic matter contained in it. Over long spans of geologic time, some of the gas migrated to adjacent sandstones and was trapped in … Read more

Lack of access to sanitation is widespread and well documented. The burden faced by women and girls are more due to deficiency in sanitation facility. Comment

There are disproportionate burden that falls on women and girls due to deficiencies in sanitation facilities.A rapid study conducted in 2016 by WASH Institute and Sambodhiprovides some insight on the burden faced by women:   76 percent of women had to travel a considerable distance to use these facilities. 33 percent of the women have … Read more

Give an account of the following a) Simon commission b) Meerut conspiracy c) Hindustan republic association d) Radcliff line

(a)Simon commission: The commission was torecommend to the Government whether India was ready for further constitutional reforms. It is also known as Indian statutory commission.  It was set up by lord Birkenhead. (b)Meerut Conspiracy: Meerut Conspiracy was a controversial court case initiated in British India in March1929 and decided in 1933. Several trade unionists, including … Read more

The India Russia ties span the spectrum from sanskriti to suraksha and culture to defence. Discuss the importance of Russia for India.

India support in UNSC:Russia’s veto power in UNSC (India need one trusted friend in UNSC to support her interest). Strategic:  India’s 73% defense equipment is from Russia. So India needs good relationship with Russia.  Russia is the only country which has provided us with advance technology in hard times despite immense world’s pressure. (Brahmos Missile … Read more

Tabulate the difference between mitosis and meiosis.

Draw diagram Basis Mitosis Meiosis Number of divisions One Two – meiosis 1 and meiosis II DNA replication Occurs during interphase Occurs during interphase Role Production of somatic cells for growth of the body Produces gametes or gametogenesis Daughter cell produced Two diploid cells that are genetically identical to parent Four haploid cell(n) containing half … Read more

Give an account for the following: (map based questions) a) Great lakes b) Lake Baikal c) Lake Tanganyika d) Aral sea

(a)Great lakes  Great Lakes of North America are a series of interconnected freshwater lakes which connect to the Atlantic Ocean through the Saint Lawrence Seaway.Consisting of Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario . Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, and Ontario [In the order of largest to smallest].Lake Superior is the largest continental lake in the … Read more

Demographic dividend is a potential and not destiny. In this context discuss the Advantage of demographic dividend.

India, however, seems to be in a demographic sweet spot with its working-age population projected to grow by a third over the same period.India’s demographic cycle is about 10-30 years behind that of the other countries, indicating that the next few decades present an opportunity for India to catch up to their per capita income … Read more

Give an account of the following: a) Vaikom satyagraha b) Delhi proposal c) Alipore conspiracy d) Muzzafarpur conspiracy case

(a)Vaikom satyagraha: Vaikom Satyagraha was a movement in Travancore (modern-day Kerala) for temple entry ofthe depressed classes. It took place near the Shiva Temple at Vaikom, Kottayam district, Keraladuring 1924-25. Vaikom was at that time a part of the princely state of Travancore. (b)Delhi proposal: Earlier, in December 1927, a large number of Muslim leaders … Read more

Give an account of following a) Hunter commission b) Sadler commission

a) Hunter commission: Lord Ripon appointed the first Indian Education Commission on 3rd February 1882. Sir Willium Hunter (a member of viceroy’s Executive Council) was appointed as the chairman of the commission. The commission was popularly known as Hunter Commission after the name of its chairman. The major objective of Hunter commission was to: Assess … Read more

India-Russia ties are passing through a turmoil phase. Comment.

Concerns: Growing Russia -China proximity; Russia accepted China claim over south China sea, Russia accepted good Taliban and bad Taliban theory, Russia is engaging in military exercise DRUZBA with pak, Growing nexus among Russia-China-Pakistan., Military support to pak USA -India closeness at the expense of India- Russia relationship: Decline in defence import from Russia after … Read more

How does the climate change affect the global distribution of fauna?

  Climate change is a result of rapid global warming. The increase of average temperature of earth is termed as Global warming. Global warming is a natural process which has been accelerated by anthropogenic activities. Because of this earth is not getting time to adjust to this change. This is causing climate change. Effect on … Read more

Explain the different type of subsidies as per WTO agreements

Ans:  Green Box Subsidies: The subsidies which cause no, or at most minimal, trade distorting effects or effects on production. These subsidies are permitted under WTO regime, for instance; Government services such as research, disease control, and infrastructure and food security.   Amber Box Subsidies : All domestic support measures considered to distort production and … Read more

06.11.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND New panel to curtail tobacco lobby clout   The state has set up an empowered committee that will act as one-point contact for tobacco product manufacturers in relation to grievances and suggestions on tobacco control measures.   Tobacco products are health hazards and it is necessary to regulate its sale and consumption. It has … Read more

05.11.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Cabinet approves scheme to make state disabled-friendly   The  cabinet on approved the ‘Jharkhand Divyang Jan Adhikar Niyamavali – 2018’ that aims to make the state a friendlier place for the physically challenged. The regulations mandate that disabled persons get an obstruction free environment and government support for survival and well-being. Under the scheme, … Read more

03-04.11.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Govt to develop 3,000 clusters for organic farming   The Jharkhand government has decided to identify and develop 3,000 clusters across Jharkhand for promotion of organic farming.   “Jharkhand’s organic farming plan has been approved the centre and we will be working in mission mode to promote the production of organic farm products in … Read more

02.11.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Jharkhand tops Swachh Survekshan chart   Jharkhand was recognised as the the best performing state in Swachch Survekshan (SS)-2018.   Also, five urban local bodies, including Ranchi, Giridih, Bundu, Pakur and Chaibasa received awards under various categories.   Compared to SS-2016, Jharkhand has improved tremendously.     INTERNATIONAL     India-Japan military exercise Dharma Guardian-2018 begins in Mizoram   … Read more

01.11.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND   Pari Singh, 22-yr-old Jharkhand girl heads Australia High Commission for a day   She got the opportunity after winning an annual programme held to mark the United Nations’ International Day of the Girl Child. Pari Singh hails from a naxal-affected village in Jamshedpur. In 2011, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution adopting 11 October as … Read more

DMPQ: Economic survey suggested that India’s growth decoupled with the world growth? What is this decoupling and what are the reasons for it?( Economic survey)

Decoupling means Decline in the growth rate of India when world was facing positive growth rate. The Reasons for this decoupling can be attributed to Domestic reasons and the long term effect of balance sheet syndrome.   Reasons are: Demonetisation exercise lead to negative growth rate. Problems in new Indirect tax reform GST. Twin balance … Read more

DMPQ: Police must develop smart tactics to address the changing nature of violence. Why police is in the need of the reforms? ( Governance/polity)

Reasons: Low police officials to population ratio Insensitivity of police towards weaker sections. Women and Dalits are poorly represented in the police personnel. Changing dynamics of crime eg cyber-crime, digital frauds. Corruption in the police system. Lack of civilian trust. Politicization and allegiance towards ruling party. Lack of technological capabilities necessary to perform quality investigations. … Read more

DMPQ: India and the United States have built a strong and strategic bilateral relationship and continues to contribute the stability and prosperity of the world. Why India matters to USA? ( India -USA)

Reasons: India’s geographical location has make India indispensable for USA. It lies closer to the arc of instability i.e Middle east, Afghan, Pak, neighbour of China. With rise of Asian economies stake in Indian ocean is on rise. India can be valuable partner. (70 percent of ship-borne oil and petroleum traffic transiting through its waters.) … Read more

DMPQ: Discuss the reasons for failure of Swadeshi movement? ( History)

Reasons: The movement lacked any focus or effective plan. It was spontaneous and failed to create any party structure or effective organization. Lack of leadership Internal rift in congress Congress failure to influence masses at large. It was the class movement whose radius confined to urban elites only. Repression by Britishers was another reason  

DMPQ: Give an account of following. ( Envt.) a) Project Tiger b) Project Hangul c) Sea Turtle Project d) Project snow leopard

a) Project tiger: To conserve tiger project tiger was started in 1973 in Palamau Tiger reserve and various tiger reserves were created in the country based on a core-buffer strategy. It is sponsored by MoEF. Administered By NTCA. b) Project Hangul: State of J&K , along with IUCN and the WWF        prepared a project … Read more

DMPQ: Gandhiji decided to initiate limited satyagraha on an individual basis by a few selected individuals” What were the objectives of launching Individual satyagraha? Why it was launched? ( History)

The Britishers were not in a position to give in to any of the demand of the congress till the later came into any agreement with the leaders. Hence to demolish this adamant position Congress asked Gandhiji to take command. Gandhiji decided to initiate a limited satyagraha on individual basis. The demand of satyagrahi would … Read more

DMPQ: What was the mandate of the committee headed by D B Shekatkar? Outline its recommendation. ( Military reforms/ polity)

The committee, set up in 2015 to recommend measures to enhance combat capability and rebalance defence expenditure of the armed forces, has submitted its final report in December 2016. The committee said that if recommendations are implemented, the government can save up to Rs. 25,000 crore from the current expenditure. The major recommendations are as follows: … Read more

DMPQ: What is excretion? Outline the functions of kidney. ( Science)

It refers to the elimination/removal of metabolic wastes from the body. There are four major organs of excretions : kidney, lungs, skin and the liver. Out of these four organs kidneys are the primary excretory organs that eliminate metabolic waste products in the form of urine. The major functions of urine are: Excretions of wastes … Read more

DMPQ: Fiscal solidarity is key to foundation of a strong economy. N k singh committee was set up to head a fiscal responsibility and budget management panel? Discuss the features of the act. ( Economic reforms)

FRBM act was brought to bring fiscal discipline in the Indian fiscal milieu. But the objectives of FRBM have been shifted for various reasons in the past due to global reasons as well as the domestic reasons. Hence FRBM panel was set up to review the act. The recommendation are explained hereunder which are nonbinding … Read more

DMPQ: . Give the account of the following. ( World geography) a) Andes b) Rocky c) Great dividing range d) Drakesnberg

Andes:  Longest continental mountain range in the world.  They are   found in South America. They formed due to ocean-continent collisions and subduction of oceanic crust beneath the south American plate. Mount Aconcagua is the highest peak.( 6962m) The rocky mountains:   They are fold mountains found in the western margi of the North American continent. They … Read more

31.10.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Rebate soon on e-payment of power bill   The Jharkhand Bijli Vitaran Nigam Ltd (JBVNL) will provide concession on electricity bills paid online.   A discount of up to Rs 250 or 1% of the total bill, whichever is less, will be given to users who pay their bills through JBVNL’s website or Ezy-Bizly mobile app. … Read more

30.10.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Govt to create Tribal Affairs Ministry: Guv   The Pathalgadi movement started from Khunti district has compelled the authorities to think in a more elaborate way about the welfare of tribal populace. In a bid to reach out to the people of tribal communities, the State government will soon constitute a separate Ministry of … Read more

29.10.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND Jharkhand district to open block-level skilling counters   The East Singhbhum administration in Jharkhand has announced that it will open single-window skill development counters in all the 11 blocks. It will also set up Village Development Hubs (VDHs) in all these blocks.   In the wake of the Union ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship inviting … Read more

27-28.10.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND 28L farmers to get mobile phones to tap e-NAM advantages   In a major boost to farmers and their farm income the State Government has decided to provide mobile phones to all 28 lakh present in Jharkhand. The gadget would help the farmers availing latest information about prices of commodities and trade online for … Read more

26.10.18 Jharkhand (JPCS) Current Affairs

JHARKHAND ·        Govt initiates steps to eliminate child labour   The Jharkhand Government in order to eradicate child labour from State has inked an MoU with Kailash Satyarthi Children’s Foundation (KSCF) established by Noble Peace Laureate Kailash Satyarthi.   Foundation is working extensively in mica mining areas of Koderma, which employs numerous underaged workers.   … Read more

DMPQ: Discuss the key issues with real estate sector? Outline the provisions of Real estate ( regulation and development ) Act, 2016. (Acts)

Real estate sector is highly unregulated where black money find its place. Major issues with real estate sector are lengthy approval process for project clearances, lack of clear land titles, diversion of funds received by the developer towards one project to more lucrative ones. Changing of layouts by the developer and legal disputes between buyers … Read more

DMPQ: What was the lord Wavell plan? How it was taken by the different political entity? (history)

Lord Wavell plan was constituted to resolve the political deadlock of existing India but he abandon the proposal due to disagreement between leaders of muslim league and congress, and finally the proposals were dissolved  at the Shimla conference Plan: Formation of new executive council at the centre in which all the members except the viceroy … Read more

DMPQ: Define following term ( Eco) a) Current account b) Capital account c) Balance of payment d) Trade balance

Current account:       Current account refers to the account maintained by every government of the world in which every kind of transaction is shown, this account is maintained by the central banking body. Current transactions of an economy in foreign currency all over the world- export, import, interest payments, foreign investments in share.   Capital account:         … Read more

DMPQ: What is benami transactions? How it affects the economy? Discuss the provisions of the Benami transactions amendment act? (Acts)

Benami transactions refer to those transactions in which the real beneficiary of the transaction and the person in whose name the transaction is made are different, specifically transactions relating to properties. The property is held by one person while the payment for purchasing the property is made by another.   Effect on economy: Loss of … Read more

DMPQ: The NGO’s sponsored by corporates and foreign bodies are working for the interests of their sponsors and negatively impacted GDP growth of 2-3% as per the recent claims by IB report. In what way NGO’s are creating hurdle to economic growth? ( Polity)

NGO are non- interest groups who work for political and social cause. In an IB report some NGO’s are accused of stalling the economic growth in the name of environmental protection.   NGO’s association lead to stalling of projects. They stage a protest against the ongoing projects. Example Narmada dam, sardar sarovar dam and kundankulam … Read more

DMPQ: What is Desai-liaquat proposal? (History)

M.K Gandhi convinced that the British rulers would not grant independence to India unless and until the Congress and Muslim League reach some conclusion on the future of the Country or the immediate formation of the Interim National Government. Hence, Gandhi directed Bhulabhai Jivanji Desai to make another attempt to appease the league leaders and … Read more

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